Ad Americam https://journals.akademicka.pl/adamericam <p style="text-align: justify;">Ad Americam. Journal of American Studies is an open-access interdisciplinary journal edited once a year at Institute of American Studies and Polish Diaspora, Jagiellonian University, Krakow, Poland. Ad Americam publishes double-blind peer-reviewed articles by scholars on North and Latin American history, politics, law, culture, sociology and comparative studies.</p> en-US lukasz.wordliczek@uj.edu.pl (Łukasz Wordliczek) ojs@fimagis.pl (Firma Informatyczna MAGIS) Tue, 31 Dec 2019 00:00:00 +0100 OJS 3.1.2.4 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 "The Death of Salesmen": David Mamet’s Drama, "Glengarry Glen Ross", and Three Iconic Forerunners https://journals.akademicka.pl/adamericam/article/view/1095 <p>This essay places <em>Glengarry Glen Ross</em> in the context of David Mamet’s <em>oeuvre</em> and the whole of American drama, as well as in the context of economic capitalism and even U.S. foreign policy. The author pays special attention here (for the first time in English-language scholarship) to the subject of salesmen or selling as depicted in Mamet’s drama and earlier in Arthur Miller’s <em>Death of a Salesman</em>, Eugene O’Neill’s <em>The Iceman Cometh</em>, and Tennessee Williams’ <em>A Streetcar Named Desire</em>—each of which also features a salesman among its characters.</p> Robert J. Cardullo Copyright (c) 2019 https://journals.akademicka.pl/adamericam/article/view/1095 Tue, 31 Dec 2019 00:00:00 +0100 In Pursuit of the American DREAM, or Mirage? Undocumented Youth in YA Fiction https://journals.akademicka.pl/adamericam/article/view/1096 <p>The problems of undocumented youth in contemporary American immigrant fiction have been given a major focus, as political shifts and competing agendas fuel an ongoing national debate. Especially for young people who are on the brink of adulthood, their status as documented or undocumented results in inclusion in or exclusion from social, economic and political spheres, which affect their daily experiences and influence their plans for the future. This paper will explore the ways in which illegal status informs, impacts, and shapes the protagonists’ identity. The concept of undocumented status is used in my paper as an analytical lens through which the novels are read. My choice of the comingof- age genre reflects the importance of adolescence as a crucial period in the formation of a person’s identity. I argue that young adult fiction with undocumented protagonists on the one hand gives voice to those who are silenced and forced to live on the margins of American society, and on the other hand familiarizes native-born Americans with the social struggles that might be distant from their own experiences but offer alternative ways of looking at the world. The narratives about “Dreamers” are part of a broader political discourse on the U.S. immigration. By exploring the relationship between fiction and the dominant legal system, they signal current social issues and offer a critique of exclusionary practices of American law and society.</p> Brygida Gasztold Copyright (c) 2019 https://journals.akademicka.pl/adamericam/article/view/1096 Tue, 31 Dec 2019 00:00:00 +0100 Nationalism and Dictatorship https://journals.akademicka.pl/adamericam/article/view/1097 <p>The goal of this paper is to re-examine the circumstances of the Falkland Islands crisis, caused by the Argentine annexation of the archipelago in 1982. It challenges the popular belief that the Falklands invasion was only aimed at distracting the society from the poor conditions of living caused by the deteriorating economy and lack of democracy. The paper takes into consideration a third factor: nationalism of the Argentine armed forces. The article takes both the domestic and international contexts of the Falklands crisis into consideration and presents how nationalist attitudes of the Argentine military influenced the Falklands conflict in 1982.</p> Magdalena Lisińska Copyright (c) 2019 https://journals.akademicka.pl/adamericam/article/view/1097 Tue, 31 Dec 2019 00:00:00 +0100 The Finances of Slave Life Insurance: Did Life Insurers Act Appropriately from a Financial Perspective? https://journals.akademicka.pl/adamericam/article/view/1098 <p>An important part of having slaves as a labor force is insuring their lives and their income. This paper explores whether antebellum life insurance companies insuring slaves did so appropriately and/or responsibly from a financial perspective. Determining whether antebellum life insurance companies did so is essential, as life insurance is a major segment of the economy of most countries and hence it is vital that life insurers perform well and are viable for the benefit of other industries and national economies, including with respect to the antebellum United States. This is the first study to investigate several critical financial elements, including premiums, expenses and mortality, of antebellum life insurance companies regarding feasibility. One characteristic of the results is that if firms employed a suitable expense assumption then the premium did not have a high enough mortality assumption and vice-versa. Additionally, most premium increases used regarding hazardous occupations, sum insured limits and location failed to adequately account for the associated increased mortality. The overall result is that, from a financial perspective, antebellum life insurers had trouble accounting for slave life insurance appropriately and/or responsibly.</p> William Wise Copyright (c) 2019 https://journals.akademicka.pl/adamericam/article/view/1098 Tue, 31 Dec 2019 00:00:00 +0100 The United States of America and the End of Dutch Colonial Rule in Indonesia https://journals.akademicka.pl/adamericam/article/view/1099 <p>The United States had developed trade relations with the Dutch East Indies before World War I. In the 1920s, American diplomatic services prepared reports on the economic and political situation in the Dutch colony. The U.S. wanted to defend their interests in the region. In 1949, after several years of attempts to regain power in Indonesia, the Dutch withdrew in the absence of American support. A decade later, suchlike events occurred in connection with Dutch New Guinea.</p> Anna Wyrwisz Copyright (c) 2019 https://journals.akademicka.pl/adamericam/article/view/1099 Tue, 31 Dec 2019 00:00:00 +0100