Rocznik Ruskiej Bursy 2022-02-17T14:05:45+01:00 Department of Scientific Journals, Ksiegarnia Akademicka Publishing Open Journal Systems <p>The "Ruska Bursa Annual" is a scholarly Lemko studies journal, mainly in the Lemko language. It has been published since 2005 by the Ruska Bursa Association in Gorlice, Poland. In the four main sections: Documents; Discussion; Inspiration; Reviews and Reports, there is a mix of history, literary studies, linguistics, cultural studies, political science, and other articles, about the Lemko homeland in general and the broader Carpathian Rus’. Œ The writing is of an international character, from the pages publishing authors, known Lemko and Carpatho-Rusyn studies specialists from Europe and North America, its readership, and above all, its Editorial Board.</p> Front matter 2022-01-26T14:45:43+01:00 2021-12-26T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Вводне слово 2022-01-27T10:10:12+01:00 Helena Duć-Fajfer 2021-12-26T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Lemko Spatial Expressions in the System and in the Text 2022-02-17T14:05:45+01:00 Henryk Fontański <p>The study attempts to describe Lemko grammatical and syntactic linguistic means used to express spatial meanings: syntactems (elementary syntactic units) and types of sentences with the meaning of spatial relations and their use in texts.</p> 2021-12-26T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2021 “To Sing Your Song in Your Backyard”: Identity in Space/ Space Identity 2022-02-17T14:05:34+01:00 Olena Duć-Fajfer <p>The article deals with the dynamic spatial and identity relationship in the context of the destruction of the Lemko ethnic space after their deportations in the years 1945-1947. The first part of the article outlines the textual expression of symbiosis, the consolidation of the Lemko community world through spatial and landscape values and symbols with archetypal features. Then, the mechanism of the reinvention myth is identified and indicated, which aims to save the power of the native space by contrasting it with the foreign space using the sacred-profane division. The slow depletion of this mechanism in the disenchanted world introduces more and more images of pragmatic space into the symbolic universe. The mechanism of the myth, on the other hand, is activated in the ritual circular migration that connects the shattered Lemko world by celebrating annual community rituals / holidays establishing new spatial meanings. The concept of newness does not mean that they are detached from the identity of space and the spatial identity that is the basis for Lemko subjectivity. The second part of the work presents the influence of the spatial factor on the linguistic identity of the Lemkos. Based on statistical data, the use of language rules and the observed linguistic attitudes and practices, a thesis is put forward that native spatial values feed the mechanisms and activities of revitalization in the Lemko language.</p> 2021-12-26T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Changes in the Location of Orthodox Churches in the Lemko Region in the 18th and 19th Centuries 2022-02-17T14:05:24+01:00 Damian Nowak <p>The subject of the article is the issue of changing the location of church buildings within one village in the Lemko region in the 18th and 19th centuries. The article is based on the analysis of historical maps, written documents (mainly decanal visits) and data based on modern documentation techniques – Light Detection and Ranging. The most common reasons for the change in the location of the church were discussed using the example of selected issues – the natural construction movement, spatial development of the settlement and changes in the administrative boundaries of the parish.</p> 2021-12-26T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Cultural Heritage of Lemkos as a Research Problem in the Humanities and the Topic of Discourse in Poland 2022-02-17T14:05:14+01:00 Andrzej A. Zięba <p>The cultural heritage of Lemkos is today one of those European values that have found themselves in danger. The reason for this is not only the project of political and economic unification of Europe, which will inevitably trigger far-reaching cultural unification and violate ethnic and national traditions in its area, but also an event from over 80 years ago – the displacement of Lemkos from their homeland and the dispersion and assimilation in a different ethnic environment, as well as the destruction of material and spiritual heritage on the territory of this homeland and its resettlement by newcomers inheriting an alien culture. Among the many issues that come with it, two are the subject of this review. The first are the attitudes of Poles towards the Lemko heritage, which are reflected in the public discourse understood here not only as statements, but also as initiatives. The importance of this issue stems from the fact that the fate of the Lemko heritage is decided primarily within the context of contemporary Polish culture, although it is justified to disagree with the common identification of Poland with the communist authors and performers of the action of 1947, which destroyed the Lemko region as a homogeneous cultural area. The second issue is the way of analyzing the fate of this heritage in the humanities, wchich is devoid of a comparative perspective. It dominates today, narrowing research horizons as well as exerting a tangible influence on the choice of strategies for rescuing and transmitting endangered cultural content. In this regard, attention should be paid to the need to learn about and compare analogous cultural catastrophes caused by communist totalitarianism, as well as the strategies of survival and rebirth of the destroyed cultures.</p> 2021-12-26T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Uście Ruskie (1785-1789) in the View of the First Galician Cadaster 2022-02-17T14:05:01+01:00 Daniel Krzysztof Nowak <p>The article focuses on the description of Uście Ruskie in the second half of the 1780s. The study is based on the fragment of First Galician Cadaster illustrating Uście Ruskie, a small town situated in Beskid Niski, in the southern part of Dukla district. The depiction of the town in this period of time may be viewed as an example of a place populated by Lemkos, as the whole region inhabited by this group of people was characterized by the same economic system. First, the text generally presents the domain of Uście Ruskie and covers some selected introductory aspects correlated with the First Galician Cadaster. Next, it moves to two vital issues, the first one being the land. Here, the land is understood as an area of soil or forest, and the study presents the division of Uście Ruskie into leas and discusses their size, the area of their plots as well as their categorization in terms of owners and land development. The second part of the text moves to the productivity of land in the discussed period of time, its cultivation, gathered agricultural produce (grain and hay from fields, and wood from forests) and their value.</p> 2021-12-26T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2021 A Village Remembered: Reconstruction of the Lemko Cultural Space from Before the Displacement using the Example of Bartne Village 2022-02-17T14:04:52+01:00 Klaudia Nowak <p>Tragic events of the middle of the 20th century, which were massive displacements of Lemkos to the western territories, led to irreversible spatial changes in the whole Lemkovyna. This destruction of space was a multi- stage process which progressed from the 1940s to the present day. In the material context, places such as the village of Bartne described in the article were almost completely destroyed, and the people living there and creating it were displaced. Based on oral narratives of contemporary inhabitants of Bartne, the article attempts to reconstruct the cultural space of Bartne from before the displacement.</p> 2021-12-26T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Lemko Generals and Senior Officers 2022-02-17T14:04:42+01:00 Bohdan Horbal <p><strong>Łemkowscy generałowie i wyżsi oficerowie</strong></p> <p>Każda wspólnota etniczna szczyci się swoimi wybitnymi postaciami, niezależnie od tego, czy funkcjonują one wewnątrz grupy, czy wykazują jakikolwiek związek ze wspólnotą. Wśród Łemków informacje o takich postaciach przekazywano z pokolenia na pokolenie, a także utrwalano w publikacjach, źródłach drukowanych. W artykule dokonano przeglądu informacji o kilku wyższych oficerach wojskowych, w tym o generałach, o których wspominano, że byli Łemkami. Badania zawierają główne informacje biograficzne o nich i wykazują, że choć istotnie większość z tych osób była pochodzenia łemkowskiego, to jednak nie wszyscy.</p> 2021-12-26T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Space and Place 2022-01-27T09:33:07+01:00 Yi-Fu Tuan <p>-</p> 2021-12-26T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Introduction 2022-01-26T14:47:20+01:00 Helena Duć-Fajfer 2021-12-26T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Introduction 2022-01-26T14:56:35+01:00 Helena Duć-Fajfer 2021-12-26T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Лемківскы поетыцкы трансляциі 2022-01-27T09:39:00+01:00 2021-12-26T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Back matter 2022-01-27T09:55:26+01:00 2021-12-26T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2021 This Ambulance Won’t Save Us 2022-01-27T09:44:50+01:00 Petro Medvid’ 2021-12-26T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Lemko Philology from the Perspective of two Decades 2022-01-27T09:50:25+01:00 Monika Tylawska 2021-12-26T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2021