Rocznik Ruskiej Bursy <p>The "Ruska Bursa Annual" is a scholarly Lemko studies journal, mainly in the Lemko language. It has been published since 2005 by the Ruska Bursa Association in Gorlice, Poland. In the four main sections: Documents; Discussion; Inspiration; Reviews and Reports, there is a mix of history, literary studies, linguistics, cultural studies, political science, and other articles, about the Lemko homeland in general and the broader Carpathian Rus’. Œ The writing is of an international character, from the page publishing authors, known as Lemko and Carpatho-Rusyn studies specialists from Europe and North America, its readership, and above all, its Editorial Board.</p> Księgarnia Akademicka Sp. z o.o. en-US Rocznik Ruskiej Bursy 1896-222X Front Matter Copyright (c) 2022 2022-12-18 2022-12-18 18 Between Legal and Real Recognition: The Identity Politics of Lemko Activists <p>The article analyzes the identity policy pursued by those Lemko activists for whom the political transformation of the early 1990s allowed to express of their identity unfetteredly. The democratization of social life conducted the next stage of Lemkos’ emancipation, which began along with the process of national differentiation of the Eastern Slavs. This paper presents the main challenges that ethnic activists from the group with a disputed by various social actors status have faced. It reveals the emancipation of the Lemko community with a diachronic approach, considering changes caused by the formalization of the group, with its inclusion in the Act of 6 January 2005 on national and ethnic minorities and on the regional languages.</p> Ewa Michna Copyright (c) 2022 2022-12-18 2022-12-18 18 53 83 10.12797/RRB.18.2022.18.01 Russia as a Mythical Land: The Compensatory Role of Ideas about Russianness in Lemko Cultural Texts <p><strong>RUSSIA AS A MYTHICAL LAND: THE COMPENSATORY ROLE OF IDEAS ABOUT RUSSIANNESS IN LEMKO CULTURAL TEXTS</strong></p> <p>The study attempts to identity the imaginary constructs presented in Lemko literature referred to Russia and Russianness. Social and geopolitical conditions of the formation of the Lemko ethnic identity played a key role in their creation. In the text the hypostases of Russianness, concretizing themselves in the Lemko identity discourse, are singled out: the myth of the righteous tsar – the defender of persecuted Ruthenians and the vision of Russia as a land of prosperity. Personal and textual examples of the impact of these myths are presented. Social utopias built on their basis are described. The consequences of the political interpretation of these mythical and cultural images for the fate of the entire Lemko community are indicated.</p> Helena Duć-Fajfer Copyright (c) 2022 2022-12-18 2022-12-18 18 85 99 10.12797/RRB.18.2022.18.02 A Transparent Presence? Jewish‑Lemko Relations in the Grybów Region: A Contribution to Research <p>This paper treats the possibilities of studying Lemko‑ Jewish relations and attempts to delineate possible levels of contacts as a prime subject of descriptions. Lemkos and Jews were aware of their separateness and their existence beyond the boundaries of particular social structures. The presence of Jews in Lemkivshchyna became one of the reasons for the interactions between two cultures: in the neighborly, commercial, and social fields. Living within a small community, they had to exchange services: for instance, in Lemko villages, deliveries from Jewish women were received by midwives‑Lemko women. Also, as social groups, Jews and Lemkos were influenced by external factors and political pressures. During World War II, they experienced repressions, displacements, and were terrorized. In the face of danger, many neighborly bonds also turned into helping Jews.</p> Jolanta Kruszniewska Copyright (c) 2022 2022-12-18 2022-12-18 18 101 118 10.12797/RRB.18.2022.18.03 Neighborhood Relations between the Romany and Lemkos in the Biography of Michal Olesnovich <p>The paper draws on the author’s doctoral dissertation “Dynamics of the Migration of Carpathian Romany to the Western and Northern Territories”. Based on the collected research material, in the article the Roma‑Lemko relations from the perspective of the Romany and Lemkos before the deportation from the Lemko region and after their settlement in the Western Territories is presented.</p> Monika Szewczyk Copyright (c) 2022 2022-12-18 2022-12-18 18 119 135 10.12797/RRB.18.2022.18.04 Emil Kubek’s “Others”: Class, Nation, and Race in Carpatho-Rusyn American Literature <p>W niniejszym artykule przeprowadzono analizę sposobu przedstawiania terminów „swój” i „inny” w prozie i poezji karpacko‑ rusińskiego pisarza, Emila Kubeka. Jako ksiądz katolicki obrządku bizantyńskiego Kubek często wybiera bohaterów znajdujących się na marginesie społeczeństwa – ubogich, poniżanych, uciśnionych, co pozwala mu kojarzyć Amerykanów narodowości karpacko‑ rusińskiej z różnorodnymi grupami społecznymi. Czerpiąc z ówczesnych kategorii klasowych, narodowych i rasowych, Kubek niekiedy częściej niż z białymi Amerykanami identyfikuje Amerykanów karpacko‑ rusińskiego pochodzenia z innymi „ludami pomiędzy” (Włosi) lub rasami (Afroamerykanie). Podczas gdy estetyka Kubeka zachęcała jego czytelników do kultywowania etyki wyrażającej współczucie i solidarność z innymi, kolejne pokolenia Amerykanów karpacko‑ rusińskiego pochodzenia porzuciły ten imperatyw i w dużej mierze zasymilowały się z białą kulturą amerykańską.</p> Nick Kupensky Copyright (c) 2022 2022-12-18 2022-12-18 18 137 163 10.12797/RRB.18.2022.18.05 Thinking of the Alien Bernard Valdenfels Copyright (c) 2022 2022-12-18 2022-12-18 18 167 180 10.12797/RRB.18.2022.18.06 Richard Meehan Renoff (b. March 2, l935-d. Westbury, Long Island, April 4, 2015): An Appreciation Bogdan Horbal Edward Kasinec Patricia Krafcik Copyright (c) 2022 2022-12-18 2022-12-18 18 215 221 10.12797/RRB.18.2022.18.10 “Moods of Foreign Nationalities” Natalia Małecka‑Nowak Copyright (c) 2022 2022-12-18 2022-12-18 18 25 28 “Moods of Foreign Nationalities” Natalia Małecka‑Nowak Copyright (c) 2022 2022-12-18 2022-12-18 18 25 28 Introduction Helena Duć-Fajfer Copyright (c) 2022 2022-12-18 2022-12-18 18 7 11 Introduction Helena Duć-Fajfer Copyright (c) 2022 2022-12-18 2022-12-18 18 13 17 With Their Backs to the Mountains (Script for a Dance Theater Performance of “Ruthenia” – the Folk Group, 2021) Petro Medvіd' Copyright (c) 2022 2022-12-18 2022-12-18 18 183 191 Back Matter Copyright (c) 2022 2022-12-18 2022-12-18 18 I Believed Paweł Ksenycz Copyright (c) 2022 2022-12-18 2022-12-18 18 195 201 10.12797/RRB.18.2022.18.07 Lemko Discourse in External Spaces Helena Duć-Fajfer Copyright (c) 2022 2022-12-18 2022-12-18 18 203 208 10.12797/RRB.18.2022.18.08 Review of Ritorni. Powroty. Bepтаня. Antologia poezji łemkowskiej Dariusz Łukaszewski Copyright (c) 2022 2022-12-18 2022-12-18 18 209 211 10.12797/RRB.18.2022.18.09