Studia Iberystyczne <p><em>Studia Iberystyczne</em>, or <em>Iberian Studies</em>, is an open-access scientific journal dedicated to the questions of culture, language and literature of Spain, Portugal and the Latin American countries. The journal publishes original research works on the following language areas: Castilian, Portuguese, Catalan and Galician.&nbsp; The journal is published by the Department of Hispanic Philology and the Department of Portuguese Philology and Translation Studies at the Institute of Romance Philology of the Jagiellonian University.&nbsp;</p> en-US (Department of Scientific Journals, Ksiegarnia Akademicka Publishing) (Author’s Support) Thu, 22 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0100 OJS 60 Front Matter Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 22 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0100 Back matter Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 22 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0100 Wstęp Natalia Czopek, Anna Rzepka, Anna Wolny Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 22 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0100 Introduction Natalia Czopek, Anna Rzepka, Anna Wolny Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 22 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0100 Vinte e cinco anos dos Estudos Portugueses na UJ Jerzy Brzozowski Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 22 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0100 As robinsonadas utópicas em Portugal e na Polónia. A Cidade do Sol (1926), de José Manuel Sarmento de Beires, e As Aventuras de Mikołaj Doświadczyński (Mikołaja Doświadczyńskiego przypadki, 1776), do bispo Ignacy Krasicki, ou uma utopia pós-camoniana no mundo globalizado? <p><strong>UTOPIAN ROBINSONADES IN PORTUGAL AND IN POLAND:<em> A CIDADE DO SOL</em> (1926), BY JOSÉ MANUEL SARMENTO DE BEIRES, AND <em>THE ADVENTURES OF MR. NICHOLAS WISDOM</em> (1776), BY BISHOP IGNACY KRASICKI, OR A NEW POST-CAMOENIAN UTOPIA IN THE GLOBALIZED WORLD?</strong></p> <p>The article presents the following utopian topoi: the Island of Love in the epic poem by Luís Vaz de Camões, the Island of Nipu in <em>The Adventures of Mr. Nicholas Wisdom</em> (original title: <em>Mikołaja Doświadczyńskiego przypadki</em>) by bishop Ignacy Krasicki and the city of the sun as imagined in <em>A cidade do sol</em> by José Manuel Sarmento de Beires. The discussion focuses on travel literature or utopian robinsonades in the context of a globalizing world, as well as the history of the romance genre, starting in Poland (1776) and developed in Portugal (1926). After the term and the concept of utopia have been thoroughly worked-out standing from the bucolic episode <em>supra of The Lusiads</em> (Os Lusíadas, 1572), we propose to consider the two utopian robinsonades in question as late transformations of the pattern and the functionality of<em> locus amoenus</em>, with a possible social connotation (in Poland) and a political meaning (in Portugal), even though the historic background seems hidden in the respective layers of narrative discourse. It should be very interesting to perceive, too, to what extent the utopian romanesque structure captures the state of spirit of a people in the moment of triumph and also in the generalized national depression of heroes, travellers, colonists, priests, aviators et al. – in one word, of the antique and contemporary<em> Robinsons</em>.</p> Anna Kalewska Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 22 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0100 The Reception of Fernando Pessoa’s Work in Poland <p><strong>THE RECEPTION OF FERNANDO PESSOA’S WORK IN POLAND</strong></p> <p>This article is a study of the reception of the work of Fernando Pessoa, a Portuguese poet, in Poland. The author’s name has achieved increasing recognition since its first mention in the Polish literary context in 1975, and is nowadays one of the most frequently translated Portuguese authors into Polish. The article cites multiple Polish sources on Pessoa’s writing, and gives the names of translators and specialists who dedicated themselves to promote his poetry in Poland.</p> Bartłomiej Basista Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 22 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0100 Kitty, the Silent Swan in the Short Story “The Death of a Swan” by Teresa Veiga <p><strong>KITTY, THE SILENT SWAN IN THE SHORT STORY “THE DEATH OF A SWAN” BY TERESA VEIGA</strong></p> <p>The aim of the article is to explore the motif of silence in Portuguese prose, and primarily the phenomenon of “female” silence. This type of silence is not caused by the lack of voice or missing words, but by the absence of listeners. Kitty, the female protagonist of Teresa Veiga’s short story “The Death of a Swan” (A morte do cisne), published in her collection [<em>Melancholically Crazy People</em>] (Gente melancolicamente louca, 2015), uses her body and her seductive abilities for alternative communication. Later, the body is converted to an instrument of revolt. In the short story, a woman is compared to a swan. This motif will be interpreted with the support of Gaston Bachelard’s <em>Water and Dreams</em>, which assumes a psychoanalytic point of view.</p> Karolina Válová Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 22 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0100 Language and Identity Capital <p><strong>LANGUAGE AND IDENTITY CAPITAL</strong></p> <p>The present article considers a thematic framework within the study of Portuguese language and literature, delimited, among others, by the following key terms and concepts: “language”, cultural forces of “integration” and “disintegration”, “identity capital”, “universal language”, “Lusophony”. An attempt will be made to support the notion that the conception of a linguistic community requires the study of the notion of “plurality”</p> Dionísio Vila Maior Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 22 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0100 Seringal de Miguel Ferrante: exploração do homem nos seringais da Amazônia <p><strong>MIGUEL FERRANTE’S <em>SERINGAL</em>: HUMAN EXPLOITATION IN AMAZONIAN RUBBER PLANTATION</strong></p> <p>The article explores the issue of violence and oppression suffered by rubber tappers in the Amazonian rubber plantations, as depicted in Miguel Ferrante’s novel <em>Seringal</em>. The novel is set in the Santa Rita rubber plantation in the interior of Acre, in the Brazilian Amazon, and reproduces the oppressed lives of rubber tappers who work for the owner referred to as the “colonel”. Always aiming at “profit and more profit”, he exploits and enslaves the “seringueiros”, taking violent actions against the poor workers. The novel also reveals the subhuman condition of the plantation women, who are subjected to rape and other violence. Thus, the women are more deeply colonized and exploited than the men. The author argues that violence against women and workers today reflects violence in rubber plantations in the 20th century. This claim finds support in studies by scholars such as Anibal Quijano (2005), a decolonial thinker who discusses colonization and racism; Frantz Fanon (1979), who wrote about the relation between colonization and violence; Samuel Benchimol (1992), who has researched the history of rubber plantations in the Amazon; and Cristina Wolf (2001) who has investigated cases of violence in rubber plantations in the state of Acre.</p> Miguel Nenevé, Giselle Costa Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 22 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0100 The Armorial Movement Celebrates Its 50th Anniversary <p><strong>THE ARMORIAL MOVEMENT CELEBRATES ITS 50<sup>TH</sup> ANNIVERSARY</strong></p> <p>The “Movimento Armorial” (Armorial Movement), an artistic proposal idealized by Ariano Suassuna, turned fifty in 2020. It is based on the integration of popular and erudite art, and between various artistic modalities. Suassuna adopts “folheto de cordel” (printed oral poetry) as a symbol of the movement, since it integrates woodcuts, literature and music, as well as being manifestation of art typical of the Brazilian Northeast, whose origin lies in the medieval Iberian Peninsula. This article discusses the main characteristics of the Armorial Movement from the point of view of two of its best-known members, Ariano Suassuna and Antonio Nóbrega, who was part of Quinteto Armorial for a decade.</p> Rachel Lourenço Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 22 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0100 Image of Brazilian Society in the Journal Lud During the Period Between 1930 and 1938 <p><strong>IMAGE OF BRAZILIAN SOCIETY IN THE JOURNAL <em>LUD</em> DURING THE PERIOD BETWEEN 1930 AND 1938</strong></p> <p>In 1920 the newspaper <em>Polak w Brazylii</em> was closed and came to be in possession of the Congregation of the Mission in Curitiba. That same year, the new owners popularly known as Vincentians, lead by their first editor Father José Joaquim Góral, renamed journal to <em>Lud</em>, who also led to radical changes in the paper’s editorial line and tended to favour ecclesiastical conservatism (Malczewski, 2008: 217). During the period from 1930 to 1938, the newspaper contained information relevant for their Motherland, as they help to strengthen the feeling of belonging to the same ethnicity, as well as information related to Brazil, encouraging them to integrate in the host society. Indisputably, the context at the time in question, from the global economic crisis to the nationalization campaign of Getúlio Vargas, affects the discourse of Vincentians – not only their view of the Other, but also the image of their nationality. Therefore, the purpose of our work is to present and analyse the hetero image of Brazilian society characterized by ethnic diversity, according to the journal <em>Lud</em> in a special period between 1930 and 1938, taking into consideration the auto-image of Poles.</p> Anna Caban Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 22 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0100 The Slavs in the Work of Gilberto Freyre: Between American Russia and Poles in Brazil <p><strong>THE SLAVS IN THE WORK OF GILBERTO FREYRE: BETWEEN AMERICAN RUSSIA AND POLES IN BRAZIL</strong></p> <p>Gilberto Freyre (1900–1987) is considered one of the main interpreters of Brazilian society and has emphasized the role of the Portuguese in the formation of Brazil. In this article, I examine how Slavic peoples are depicted in Freyre’s work, highlighting two main elements: a) the idea that Brazil could be an “American Russia”; b) the inclusion of Poles in Brazilian society. The comparison with Russia is motivated by the fact that Freyre perceives it as a country situated, like Spain and Portugal, in a geographical and cultural transition area between two continents, and that, like Brazil, it has consolidated as a mixed nation in a vast territory. On the other hand, the presence of Poles in Brazilian society would have twofold outcomes, as, on the one hand, they underwent acculturation, becoming more Brazilian, and on the other, they contributed to the national culture of Brazil, modifying it, and bringing new elements.</p> Amurabi Oliveira Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 22 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0100 "Desatar a + Infinitive" in European Portuguese <p><strong>&lt;<em>DESATAR A</em> + INFINITIVE&gt; IN EUROPEAN PORTUGUESE&lt;DESATAR A + INFINITIVE&gt; IN EUROPEAN PORTUGUESE</strong></p> <p>&lt;<em>Desatar a</em> + infinitive&gt; is a construction that focuses on the beginning of the situation denoted by the predicate whose core is the infinitive form of the verb. However, the inceptive meaning is not exclusive to it. On the contrary, it is shared by a considerable range of other constructions (for example, and just to mention a few, <em>começar a, pôr-se a, romper a, largar a</em> + infinitive). Therefore, the purpose of this article is to investigate the idiosyncrasies of the construction under study. The discussion, structural and syntactic-semantic in nature, will rely almost exclusively on a corpus of authentic language material collected in the press and literary texts in the late 20th and early 21st century).</p> Henrique Barroso Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 22 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0100 Sandjá sá mlágo magi ê sa pichi gôdo – A Few Notes about Forro Creole, a Jewel in the “Crown of the Sea” <p><strong><em>SANDJÁ SÁ MLÁGO MAGI Ê SA PICHI GÔDO</em> – A FEW NOTES ABOUT FORRO CREOLE, A JEWEL IN THE “CROWN OF THE SEA”</strong></p> <p>The main objective of our work is to describe the morphosyntactic features of Forro Creole, spoken in SãoTomé and Príncipe, using a corpus that includes materials collected during fieldwork in February 2016, such as written records of various texts belonging to the São Tomé oral tradition. We are interested in analysing the processes of expression of TMA (time-mode-aspect) relations, number and gender marking, and verbal serialization. In addition, we want to highlight some aspects of the spelling and make some comparative observations with Cape Verdean Creole.</p> Natalia Czopek Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 22 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0100 The Presence of the Portuguese Language in the Senegalese Province of Casamance – A Cultural Heritage on the Verge of Extinction or in Revival? <p><strong>THE PRESENCE OF THE PORTUGUESE LANGUAGE IN THE SENEGALESE PROVINCE OF CASAMANCE – A CULTURAL HERITAGE ON THE VERGE OF EXTINCTION OR IN REVIVAL?</strong></p> <p>The article explains, on a socio-historical basis, how the region of Casamance in southern Senegal acquired its dual Portuguese-French character, underlining the role of the Portuguese language in this process. It briefly outlines the history of the territory and shows how it contributed to the specific ethnic and cultural nature of the region, where, in the second half of the 20th century, a separatist sentiment began to grow. It also discusses the role of Portuguese in the region through the centuries and the emergence of its local Creole, trying to explain how they both served as an instrument of communication throughout history and how their role changed with the independence of the Senegalese state. Commenting on the current position of Portuguese and its Creole, the text intends to point out the factors which have contributed to the decline in the use of the latter and which have, on the other hand, favoured the revival of Portuguese itself.</p> Petra Svobodová Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 22 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0100 Camões e a globalização da Língua Portuguesa <p><strong>CAMÕES AND THE GLOBALIZATION OF THE PORTUGUESE LANGUAGE</strong></p> <p>Starting with the poem “Inês de Leiria” by Afonso Lopes Vieira, which was inspired by chapter 19 of Fernão Mendes Pinto <em>Peregrinação</em> [Pilgrimage], the article reports an experience that the latter author had in the interior of China in the middle of the 16th century: the meeting of a Chinese woman saying the Christian Lord’s Prayer, the only words she knew in Portuguese. This was enough to surprise the traveler and allow him an unexpected contact with his mother tongue. It is true that, at the time, the evolution of the language from Vulgar Latin had been completed surpassed, passing through the initial phase of the formation of Romance, followed by Galician-Portuguese, with the subsequent separation of Galician and Portuguese. The 16th century was the golden age of systematization, enrichment and vibrancy of the Portuguese language, brought about by a combined effort of eminent writers, including, in particular, António Ferreira and Luís de Camões, with the aim of creating a linguistic standard. Camões’ idiolect became a model (which would be recognized in the following centuries by grammarians, theorists and critics as a standard) at the same time when the Poet hailed himself as the ultimate symbol of national identity. Simultaneously, thanks to travels and contacts with other lands, peoples and cultures, the foundations of Portuguese as a contact language are laid at a global level, anticipating in modernity the national consciousness of a community of Portuguese-speaking countries, and emerging from the exchange with the native peoples the Creoles and<em> Pidgins</em>, in addition to the unexpected presence of our language in different geographical and linguistic horizons, which is why it was simultaneously and in Portuguese the largest database of the first great experience of globalization in the known world.</p> Manuel Ferro Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 22 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0100 Translate to Teach and Beyond, That Is, the Potential of Comics in Teaching and Learning <p><strong>TRANSLATE TO TEACH AND BEYOND, THAT IS, THE POTENTIAL OF COMICS IN TEACHING AND LEARNING</strong></p> <p>The aim of this article is to discuss a translation project developed at the Institute of Iberian and Ibero-American Studies (IEIeI) of the University of Warsaw, which aims to strengthen the teaching of the PLE, teach how to translate and theoretically reflect on the process of translation, as well as preparing in Polish teaching material rooted in Portuguese culture and language. I will dedicate the central part of this article to this latter segment.</p> Jakub Jankowski Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 22 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0100 Celpe-Bras Exam Tasks as Potential Material for Teaching Portuguese as a Foreign Language <p><strong>CELPE-BRAS EXAM TASKS AS POTENTIAL MATERIAL FOR TEACHING PORTUGUESE AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE</strong></p> <p>In this article, the Certificate of Proficiency in Portuguese Language for Foreigners (Celpe-Bras) examination is presented and its constituent parts are discussed. From a communicative perspective, the tasks in the examination prioritize actions which are relevant to interaction in real-life situations. Regarding the teaching and learning of Portuguese as a Foreign Language, these tasks can be applied as potential teaching material. Taking into consideration the impact of an examination in different social spheres, Celpe-Bras has also collaborated to redirect the teaching activity through reflection on classroom practice. We expect that this discussion will contribute to further in-depth consideration of teaching Portuguese as a Foreign Language.</p> Marina Ayumi Izaki Gómez Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 22 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0100 CLIL for the Purpose of Teaching Portuguese Literature: A Case Study <p><strong>CLIL FOR THE PURPOSE OF TEACHING PORTUGUESE LITERATURE: A CASE STUDY</strong></p> <p>Content and Language Integrated Learning (CLIL) is a practical approach to combining content and language teaching in one subject class, an avenue most commonly pursued at primary and secondary school level. Nevertheless, it seems very relevant for university instruction as well. This paper centers on how CLIL was used to benefit classes in Portuguese literature given at the Institute of Iberian and Ibero-American Studies, University of Warsaw in 2020/2021 academic year. The materials discussed in the article were authored by Anna Działak-Szubińska and José Carlos Dias and refer to early modern era. Some theoretical insights into CLIL will also be provided.</p> Anna Działak-Szubińska Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 22 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0100 Referencing and Retextualization in the Teaching of Portuguese as an Additional Language in a Polish University Context <p><strong>REFERENCING AND RETEXTUALIZATION IN THE TEACHING OF PORTUGUESE AS AN ADDITIONAL LANGUAGE IN A POLISH UNIVERSITY CONTEXT</strong></p> <p>Complex activities are involved in the production of texts, oral or written. In additional language teaching and learning in a university context, students must know and master the language in its different registers, particularly in the standard norm of the language being learned. This study aims to analyze how referencing and retextualization, essential textual-discursive processes in the construction of text and meanings, take place in textual productions by Polish students. The study has a theoretical-analytical qualitative basis provided by interactive and sociocognitive textual linguistics studies. Thus, it is anchored in the studies of referencingby authors such as Mondada and Dubois (2003), Cavalcante [et al.], (2014), Koch (2021), and others who advocate a constructivist perspective on reference. Regarding retextualization, our research draws form Marcuschi (2010) and others.</p> Samuel Figueira-Cardoso Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 22 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +0100