Sowiniec <p>Półrocznik „Sowiniec” jest naukowym czasopismem historycznym, którego tematyka skupia się na ostatnich dwóch stuleciach historii Polski, w szczególności zaś na polskich zmaganiach niepodległościowych. Wieloletnia walka Polaków o odbudowę niepodległego Państwa Polskiego naznaczona była kilkoma powstaniami narodowymi oraz olbrzymim wysiłkiem w czasie dwóch wojen światowych. Za ostatni zryw wolnościowy zwykło się też uważać ruch skupiony wokół NSZZ „Solidarność”, który znacznie przyczynił się do erozji systemu komunistycznego w tej części Europy, otwierając drogę do niepodległości. Tytuł periodyku nawiązuje do kopca usypanego w Krakowie na wzgórzu Sowiniec w latach 30. XX wieku, ku czci Marszałka Józefa Piłsudskiego, twórcy odrodzonego w 1918 r. Państwa Polskiego.</p> pl-PL (Adam Roliński) (Firma Informatyczna MAGIS) pią, 29 gru 2017 00:00:00 +0100 OJS 60 Słowo od redaktora Tomasz Gąsowski Copyright (c) pią, 29 gru 2017 00:00:00 +0100 Walki Legionów Polskich w Karpatach (wrzesień‑październik 1914 r.) <p><strong>The 2nd Brigade, Polish Legions in the Carpathian Mountains (September-October 1914)</strong><br>In this article, the author presents the activity of the Polish Legions, at that time commanded by General Karol Durski, in the Carpathian Mountains. Polish soldiers then had to fight under very difficult conditions as a result of the numerous deficiencies in equipment and arms. Nonetheless, they tried to perform the tasks to which they were entrusted as best as they could. Amidst the weakness of the Austro-Hungarian army, Polish units in this region played a decisive rule in halting the Russian offensive. This was significant because if the Russians had crossed the Carpathians, this would have led to an invasion of Hungary, which could have had unpredictable consequences. In the first phase, Polish units participated in the struggle to liberate Máramaros County. The second phase consisted of armed conflict in the Nadvirna and Bohorodchany regions. This part of the skirmishes concludes with the bloody Battle of Mołotków on October 29, 1914. Although it ended with a tactical defeat of the Polish units, which were forced to retreat, it was, however, a tactical victory, as the Russians, exhausted by the daylong battle, were forced to cease their offensive maneuvers.</p> Tomasz Dudek Copyright (c) pią, 29 gru 2017 00:00:00 +0100 Franciszek Batko (1885‑1953): Nauczyciel, żołnierz, sybirak – szkic biograficzny <p><strong>Franciszek Batko (1885‑1953): Teacher, Soldier, Survivor of Siberia – A Biographical Sketch</strong><br>This article is a biographical sketch whose purpose is to shed light on the figure of Franciszek Batko (1885-1953). Although he was from Sygneczów outside Wieliczka, he spent his entire adult life in Ochojno in the municipality of Świątniki Górne. First of all, he was a teacher with an academic education; both before and after the Great War he worked as a teacher in the state gymnasiums. In 1914, he was conscripted into the Austrian army. Upon completion of officer training in Styria, he was sent to the front. In 1915, he was taken hostage by the Russians; at that point, his long sojourn as an exile to Siberia and soldier of the Polish 5th Siberian Rifle Division began. Thanks to his courage and shrewdness, he returned to Poland in 1921. Thank he took on the duties of a teacher once again. During the Second World War, he participated in the struggle against the Germans. He received many decorations, including the Cross of Valor and the Cross of Independence. Batko is buried in Podstolice.</p> Gabriel Szuster Copyright (c) pią, 29 gru 2017 00:00:00 +0100 Pogrzeb Wojciecha Korfantego w świetle wybranych tytułów prasowych <p><strong>Wojciech Korfanty’s Funeral in Light of Selected Press Titles</strong><br>The funerals of political activists from the generation of the fathers of Polish independence were considered to be events of great socio‑political significance in the final years of the Second Polish Republic. The funeral ceremonies were placed within the context of growing war‑related tensions and the internal political situation in the country; frequently, they were of a performative nature, affirming the community of a given political milieu as well as, as in the case of the funeral of Józef Piłsudski, the civic community of the Polish state. An event that partly due to the outbreak of World War II has not endured in collective memory is the funeral of Wojciech Korfanty. While analyzing the social reception of the mourning ceremonies related to the politician’s sudden death, the author has made use of seven press titles that represented a reliable spectrum of opinions expressed by the nation’s political milieus. The aim of this article is to present and analyze the discourse that took place in selected press titles in relation to the death of Wojciech Korfanty, the initiator of the Third Silesian Uprising.</p> Filip Paluch Copyright (c) pią, 29 gru 2017 00:00:00 +0100 Miejsce straceń obywateli polskich w Glinniku‑Przegorzałach w Krakowie w latach 1939‑1944 – przegląd źródeł <p><strong>The Mass Executions of Poles in Glinnik‑Przegorzały in Krakow during the German Occupation of 1939–1944: An Overview of Sources</strong><br>During the German occupation of Krakow in 1939‑1945, mass executions were among the methods used to exterminate Poles and the members of other ethnic groups. One of the sites of the largest such crimes was Glinnik, situated in a former clay quarry in Przegorzały, which at the time was part of Krakow’s western suburbs. The exact number of victims and their names remain unknown, while the place itself has been neglected. A recent historiographical debate has been initiated as a result of efforts to grant Glinnik the status of a war cemetery and because of disagreement between researchers and the victims’ families. This article aims to give an overview of the available historical sources and previous statements. With regards to the lack of proper documentation of the occupying German police administration, the main sources are materials collected in the case that has since 1945 been investigated by the Main Commission for the Prosecution of the Nazi Crimes in Poland and is currently investigated by the Institute of National Remembrance. Since 2015, they may be new perspectives on this research as a result of the archaeological excavations conducted in this area, but the excavated artifacts are still under study.</p> Justyna Rolińska Copyright (c) 2017 Justyna Rolińska pią, 29 gru 2017 00:00:00 +0100 Wspomnienia młodości. Służba w Legionach (fragment) <p>Wybrał i wstępem poprzedził Andrzej Dróżdż</p> Tadeusz Saryusz Bielski Copyright (c) pią, 29 gru 2017 00:00:00 +0100 Sprawozdanie z działalności Fundacji Centrum Dokumentacji Czynu Niepodległościowego w roku 2016 Adam Roliński Copyright (c) pią, 29 gru 2017 00:00:00 +0100 Major Augustyn Stasiak (1894‑1972) Przemysław Wywiał Copyright (c) pią, 29 gru 2017 00:00:00 +0100 Tomasz Kozłowski, "Anatomia rewolucji. Narodziny ruchu społecznego „Solidarność” w 1980 roku" Antoni Czermak Copyright (c) pią, 29 gru 2017 00:00:00 +0100