Aristophanes, the Acuser of Socrates: Some Sociolinguistics Aspects of Comedy

Authors

  • Bartłomiej Bednarek Jagiellonian University, Kraków, Poland

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.12797/CC.18.2015.18.02

Keywords:

old comedy, aischrology, shame, obscenity, personal abuse

Abstract

Aristophanes, the Acuser of Socrates: Some Sociolinguistics Aspects of Comedy

This paper examines the impact of verbal abuse typical of the old Attic comedy on the reputations of real-life citizens of Athens. It can be argued that the way in which comic poets insulted well-known people of their age shared many characteristics with the communicative strategies applied in everyday familiar speech. This may indicate that the only proper reaction to it consisted in accepting the ridicule as if it were not offensive.

References

Bachtin M., 1979, Twórczość Franciszka Rablais’go a kultura ludowa średniowiecza i renesansu, tłum. A. i A. Goreniowie, Kraków (Biblioteka Studiów Literackich).

Bowie E., 2002, ‘Ionian Iambos and Attic Komoidia: Father and daughter, or just cousins?’, [in:] A. Willi (ed.), The language of Greek comedy, Oxford, pp. 33-50.

Carrière J. C., 1979, Le carnaval et la politique, Paris.

Cohen D., 1991, Law, sexuality, and society: The enforcement of morals in classical Athens, Cambrdge.

Cohen D., 1995, Law, violence, and community in classical Athens, Cambridge.

Degani E., 1987, ‘Insulto ed escrologia in Aristofane’, Dioniso, LVII, pp. 31-47.

Fisher N., 1998, ‘Violence, masculinity and the law in classical Athens’, [in:] L. Foxhall, J. Salmon (eds.), When men were men: Masculinity, power and identity in classical antiquity, London–New York, pp. 68-97.

Fisher N., 2000, ‘Symposiasts, fish-eaters and flatterers: Social mobility and moral concerns in old comedy’, [in:] D. Harvey, J. Wilkins (eds.), The rivals of Aristophanes: Studies in Athenian old comedy, London–Swansea, pp. 355-396.

Foxhall L., Salmon J. (eds.), 1998, When men were men: Masculinity, power and identity in classical antiquity, London–New York.

Goldhill S. D., 1987, ‘The Great Dionysia and civic ideology’, JHS CVII, pp. 58-76.

Halliwell S., 1984, ‘Ancient interpretations of ὀνομαστὶ κωμῳδει̑ν in Aristophanes’, CQ 34, pp. 83-88.

Halliwell S., 1991a, ‘Comic satire and the freedom of speech in classical Athens’, JHS 111, pp. 48-70.

Halliwell S., 1991b, ‘Uses of laughter in Greek culture’, CQ 41, pp. 279-296.

Halliwell S., 2004, ‘Aischrology, shame, and comedy’, [in:] I. Sluiter, R. M. Rosen (eds.), Free speech in classical antiquity, Leiden–Boston, pp. 115-144.

Halliwell S., 2008, Greek laughter. A study of cultural psychology from Homer to early Christianity. Cambridge.

Harvey D., Wilkins J. (eds.), 2000, The rivals of Aristophanes: Studies in Athenia old comedy, London–Swansea.

Henderson, J., 1990, ‘The Dēmos and the Comic Competition’, [in:] J. J. Winkler, F. I Zeitlin (eds.), Nothing to do with Dionysos?, Princeton, pp. 271-313.

Henderson, J., 1991, The Maculate Muse. Obscene Language in Attic Comedy. II ed. New York, Oxford.

Kirk G. S., 1990, The Iliad: A Commentary. Vol. II, Books 5-8, Cambridge–London–New York–Port Chester–Melbourne–Sydney.

MacDowell D. M., 1995, Aristophanes and Athens: An introduction to the plays, Oxford.

Ober J., Strauss B., 1990, ‘Drama, political rhetoric, and the discourse of Athenian democracy’, in: J. J. Winkler, F. I. Zeitlin (eds.), Nothing to do with Dionysos?, Princeton, pp. 237-270.

O’Higgins L., 2003, Women and Humor in classical Greece, Cambridge.

Reckford K. J., 1987, Aristophanes’ old-and-new comedy, Chapel Hill.

Redfield, J., 1990, ‘Drama and Community: Aristophanes and Some of His Rivals’, [in:] J. J. Winkler, F. I Zeitlin (eds.), Nothing to do with Dionysos?, Princeton, pp. 314-335.

Robson J., 2006, Humor, obscenity and Aristophanes, Tübingen.

Rosen R. M., 1988, Old comedy and the iambographic tradition, Atlanta.

Ruffell I., 2000, ‘The world turned upside down: Utopia and utopianism’, [in:] D. Harvey, J. Wilkins (eds.), The rivals of Aristophanes: Studies in Athenian old comedy, London–Swansea, pp. 473-506.

Seaford R., 1994, Reciprocity and ritual: Homer and tragedy in the developing city-state, Oxford.

Sluiter I., Rosen R. M. (eds.), 2004, Free speech in classical antiquity, Leiden–Boston.

Snell B., 2009, Odkrycie ducha. Studia o greckich korzeniach europejskiego myślenia, tłum. A. Onysymow, Warszawa.

Sommerstein A. H., 2004, ‘Harassing the satirist: The alleged attempts to prosecute Aristophanes’, [in:] I. Sluiter, R. M. Rosen (eds.), Free speech in classical antiquity, Leiden–Boston, pp. 145-174.

Willi A. (ed.), 2002, The language of Greek comedy, Oxford.

Winkler J. J., Zeitlin F. I. (eds.), 1990, Nothing to do with Dionysos?, Princeton.

Downloads

Published

2015-09-13

How to Cite

Bednarek, B. “Aristophanes, the Acuser of Socrates: Some Sociolinguistics Aspects of Comedy”. Classica Cracoviensia, vol. 18, Sept. 2015, pp. 39-50, doi:10.12797/CC.18.2015.18.02.

Issue

Section

Articles