Prasenā, Prasīnā & Prasannā: The Evidence of the Niśvāsaguhya and the Tantrasadbhāva

Authors

  • Somadeva Vasudeva Kyoto University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.12797/CIS.16.2014.16.14

Keywords:

Prasenā, divination, possession, oracle, onychomancy, catoptromancy, mirrors, intertextuality, Trika, Śaivasiddhānta

Abstract

Prasenā, Prasīnā & Prasannā: The Evidence of the Niśvāsaguhya and the Tantrasadbhāva

The literature of the Śaiva Mantramārga evidences differing strategies of incorporating prasenā divination into its theoretical frameworks. The early Niśvāsaguhya confines prasenās a prognosticatory role in support of a more common method of dream divination used to determine reasons for failed initiation. Questions of intertextuality and doctrinal dependence are raised when the Trika’s Tantrasadbhāva envisages prasenās as fulfilling exactly the same function.

References

Primary Sources:

Anargharāghavapañcikā. Viṣṇ ubhaṭṭ aviracitā Anargharāghavapañcikā. The commentary of Viṣṇ ubhaṭṭ a on the Anargharāghava of Murāri. (2 volumes). A critical edition by Harinarayana Bhat. Institut Français de Pondichéry/École Française d’Extrême-Orient. 1998. Publications du département d’indologie n°82.

Bakker, H. 2007. Thanesar, the Pāśupata Order and the Skandapurāṇa. Studies in the Skandapurāṇa IX. In: Journal of Indological Studies 19 (2007), 1–16.

Bhairavamaṅgalā. NAK pam. 687 Śaivatantra 144 (NGMPP B27/21), ninth century palmleaf manuscript in Licchavi script.

Br̥ hatkathāmañjarī of Kṣemendra. Ed. Śivadatta and Kāśīnāth Pāṇḍuraṅg Parab. Kāvyamālā 69. Bombay: Pāṇḍuraṅg Jāwajī, 1931.

Br̥ hatkālottara. NAK MS 4-139, NGMCP A 43/1: palm-leaf; Pāla script; 1161 CE.

Harṣacarita. Bāṇa, Śaṅkara and Alois Anton Führer. Śrīharṣacaritamahākā vyam, Bâṇabhaṭṭa’s Biography of King Harshavardhana of Sthâṇîśvara, with Śaṅkara’s commentary, Saṅketa. Edited with critical notes by A.A. Führer. Text and commentary. Bombay Sanskrit and Prakrit Series, No. LXVI. Bombay: Government Central Press, 1909.

Jayadrathayāmala. Ṣaṭka 2. NAK MS 5-4650, NGMCP B 153/3: paper; Nepalese Devanāgarī; 1925 CE copied from a palm-leaf exemplar.

Kapphiṇābhyudaya or King Kapphiṇa’s Triumph. A Ninth Century Kashmiri Buddhist Poem. By Michael Hahn. Edited by Yusho Wakahara. Institute of Buddhist Cultural Studies, Ryukoku University, Kyoto, 2007.

Mahāvīracaritaṃ. Mahākaviśrībhavabhūtipraṇītam; Vīrarāghavakr̥ tayā Bhāvapradyotinīvyākhyayā samalaṃkr̥ tam = Le Mahāvīracarita de Bhavabhūti; accompagné du commentaire de Vīrarāghava; nouvelle édition, traduction de la pièce, notes, François Grimal. Pondichéry: Institut Français, 1989. Publications de l’Institut français d’indologie; no 74.

Niśvāsaguhya. Goodall, Dominic and Acharya, Diwakar. Niśvāsatattvasaṃhitāyāṃ Guhyasūtram: unpublished draft edition based on three manuscripts: MS N (National Archives of Kathmandu (NAK) accession no. 1-277, Nepal-German Manuscript Preservation Project (NGMPP) microfilm reel no. A 41/14, palm-leaf, 9th century?), MS K (NAK 5-2406, NGMPP reel no. A 159/18, paper apograph of N, 20th century), MS W (Wellcome Institute Sanskrit MS I 33, paper apograph of N, 20th century), 2010.

Pāśupatasūtra. Pāśupatasūtra (=Pañcārtha) with the commentary (Pañcārthabhāṣya) of Bhagavat Kauṇḍinya, ed. R. Anantakrishna Sastri. Trivandrum Sanskrit Series 143. Trivandrum: University of Travancore, 1940.

Sarvadarśanasaṃgraha. Sarvadarśanasaṃgraha of Sāyaṇa-Mādhava with a Sanskrit commentary by Vasudev Shastri Abhyankar, ed. T. G. Mainkar. 3rd edition. Government Oriental Series A1. Poona: BORI, 1978.

Svacchandatantra with the commentary (Svacchandoddyota) of Rājānaka Kṣemarāja, ed. Madhusūdan Kaul Śāstrī. KSTS 31, 38, 44, 48, 51, 53, 56. Bombay, 1921–35.

Svāyambhuvasūtrasaṃgraha. ed. Veṅkaṭasubrahmaṇyaśāstrī, Mysore: Rājakīyaśākhāmudrālaya, 1937.

Śāradātilaka. Śāradātilaka of Lakṣmaṇadeśika with the commentary (-padārthādarśa) of Rāghavabhaṭṭa, ed. [Sir John George Woodroffe] Arthur Avalon. Reprint. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1982. First published in 1933 as Tantrik Text Series 17, Madras: Ganesh & Co.

Tantrāloka of Abhinavagupta with the commentary (-viveka) of Rājānaka Jayaratha. ed. Mukund Rām Śāstrī. KSTS 23, 28, 30, 35, 29, 41, 47, 59, 52, 57, 58. Bombay and Srinagar, 1918-38.

Timirodghāṭana. NAK MS 5-690, NGMCP A 35/3: palm-leaf; Licchavi script.

Tridaśaḍāmarāpratyaṅgirā. NGMCP B 173/22, NAK 3-30 & etext entered by the staff of Muktabodha under the supervision of M.S.G. Dyczkowski.

Secondary Sources:

Acharya, D. 2007. The Original Paṇhavāyaraṇa / Praśnavyākaraṇa Discovered*. In: International Journal of Jaina Studies (Online). Vol. 3, No. 6 (2007) 1–10.

Dezső, C. 2010. Encounters with Vetālas. In: Acta Orientalia, 63(4), 391–426. doi:10.1556/AOrient.63.2010.4.1

Gray, D. B. 2007. The Cakrasamvara Tantra (The Discourse of Śrī Heruka): A Study and Annotated Translation. Treasury of the Buddhist Sciences Series. New York: American Institute of Buddhist Studies and Columbia University Press.

Hōbōgirin. Paul Demiéville, 1929–30 (fasc. 1–2); Paul Demiéville, 1974 (fasc. 3); Jacques May, 1967 (fasc. 4); Jacques May, 1979 (fasc. 5). Hôbôgirin. Dictionnaire encyclopédique du Bouddhisme d’après les sources chinoises et japonaises.

Kirde, S. 2002. Bibliographie zur Bodhisattvāvadānakalpalatā des Kṣemendra*. In: D. Dimitrov, U. Roesler and R. Steiner (Eds). Śikhisamuccayaḥ. Indian and Tibetan Studies. (Wiener Studien zur Tibetologie und Buddhismuskunde. Heft 53). Wien: 109-128.

Orofino, G. 1992. Divination with Mirrors, observations on a simile found in the Kālacakra literature. In: Tibetan Studies, Proceedings of the 6th Seminar of the the International Association for Tibetan Studies, Fagernes 1992, Oslo, vol. 2: 612–28.

Pike, J. B. 1938. Frivolities of courtiers. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

Smith, F. M. 2006. The Self Possessed: Deity and Spirit Possession in South Asian Literature and Civilization, New York: Columbia University Press.

Strickmann, M. 1996. Mantras et Mandarins: Le Bouddhisme tantrique en Chine. Paris: Gallimard.

Strickmann, M. 2002. Chinese Magical Medicine, Stanford: Stanford University Press

Turner, Sir R. L. 1966. A Comparative Dictionary of the Indo-Aryan Languages. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 1966.

Yokochi, Y. 2012. Triumph of Buddhism or Śaivism?: A Study in the ninth century Kashmirian poem Kapphiṇābhyudaya. In: Journal of Indian and Buddhist studies. The Japanese Association of Indian and Buddhist Studies. 2012. Volume 60. Number 3: 1153–1160.

Downloads

Published

2014-12-21

How to Cite

Vasudeva , Somadeva. 2014. “Prasenā, Prasīnā & Prasannā: The Evidence of the Niśvāsaguhya and the Tantrasadbhāva”. Cracow Indological Studies 16 (December):369-90. https://doi.org/10.12797/CIS.16.2014.16.14.