Classical Culture and European Identity: Pagan Antiquity in the Writings of Pope Benedict XVI

Authors

  • Mateusz Stróżyński Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań, Poland

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.12797/CC.17.2014.17.10

Keywords:

Joseph Ratzinger, Benedict XVI, Christianity, Catholicism, theology, classical tradition, reception of classics, Plato

Abstract

Classical Culture and European Identity: Pagan Antiquity in the Writings of Pope Benedict XVI

The paper analyses the attitude of Joseph Ratzinger, pope Benedict XVI, towards classical culture and tradition. A careful analysis of the pope’s writings makes it obvious that he addresses Europe’s classical heritage with respect and deep understanding. A number of case studies analysed in the paper allows the reader to see a variety of perspectives on classical antiquity, present in the writings of Benedict XVI.

References

BBC New Europe, 2013, [on‑line:] http://www.bbc.com/news/world‑europe-‑21110045 (accessed: Sept. 26, 2014).

Biser E., 1997, Einweisung in das Christentum, Düsseldorf.

Brague R., 2012, Europa, droga rzymska, tłum. W. Dłuski, Warszawa [first edition: R. Brague, Europe, la voie romaine, Paris 1999].

Byers S. C., 2013, Perception, sensibility, and moral motivation in Augustine. A Stoic‑Platonic synthesis, Cambridge.

Foucault M., 2001, L’hermeneutique du sujet: Cours au Collège de France (1981‑1982), Paris.

Gnilka C., 1993, Chresis, vol. 2: Kultur und Conversion, Basel.

Habermas J., Ratzinger J., 2005, Dialectics of secularization. On reason and religion, San Francisco.

Hadot P., 1995, Philosophy as a way of life, trans. A. Davidson, M. Chase, Malden.

Hadot P., 1998, The inner citadel: the meditations of Marcus Aurelius, trans. M. Chase, Cambridge.

Hadot P., 2002, What is ancient philosophy?, trans. M. Chase, Cambridge.

Martin T. F., 2000, ‘Augustine’s Confessions as paedagogy: exercises in transformation’, [in:] K. Paffenroth, K. Hughes (eds.), Augustine and Liberal Education, Aldershot, s. 25-51.

Nietzsche F., 1886, Jenseits von Gut und Böse. Vorspiel einer Philosophie der Zukunft, Leipzig.

Nussbaum M. C., 1994, The therapy of desire: theory and practice in Hellenistic ethics, Princeton.

Rappe S., 2000, Reading Neoplatonism. Non‑discursive thinking in the texts of Plotinus, Proclus, and Damascius, Cambridge.

Ratzinger J., 2004a, W drodze do Jezusa Chrystusa, tłum. J. Merecki, Kraków.

Ratzinger J., 2004b, Wiara – prawda – tolerancja. Chrześcijaństwo a religie świata, tłum. R. Zajączkowski, Kielce.

Ratzinger, J., 2005, Deus caritas est, [on‑line:] http://www.vatican.va/holy_father/benedict_xvi/encyclicals/documents/hf_ben‑xvi_enc_20051225_deus‑caritas‑est_en.html (accessed: Sept. 26, 2014).

Ratzinger, J., 2007a, Spe salvi, [on‑line] http://www.vatican.va/holy_father/benedict_xvi/encyclicals/documents/hf_ben‑xvi_enc_20071130_spe‑salvi_en.html (accessed: Sept. 26, 2014).

Ratzinger J., 2007b, Jesus of Nazareth. From the Baptism in the Jordan to the Transfiguration, New York.

Ratzinger J., 2011, Jesus of Nazareth, part 2: Holy Week: from the Entrance into Jerusalem to the Resurrection, San Francisco.

Ratzinger J., 2012, Jesus of Nazareth: The Infancy Narratives, trans. P. J. Whitmore, London.

Reiser M., 2003, ‘Wie wahr ist die Wehnachtsgeschichte?’, Erbe und Auftrag, 79, pp. 451‑463.

Rowland T., 2008, Ratzinger’s faith: The theology of Pope Benedict XVI, Oxford.

Sorabji R., 2000, Emotion and peace of mind: from Stoic agitations to Christian temptation, Oxford.

Stalnaker A., 2006, Overcoming our evil: human nature and spiritual exercises in Xunzi and Augustine, Washington.

Stock B., 2010, Augustine’s inner dialogue: the philosophical soliloquy in Late Antiquity, Cambridge.

Stöger A., 1963, Das Evangelium nach Lukas 1. Teil. Geistliche Schriftlesung, vol. 3/1, Düsseldorf.

Stróżyński M., 2009, ‘Time, self, and aporia: spiritual exercise in Saint Augustine’, Augustinian Studies, 40, 1, pp. 103‑120.

Stróżyński M., 2014, Filozofia jako terapia w pismach Marka Aureliusza, Plotyna i Augustyna, Poznań.

The Holy See, 2013, [on‑line:] http://www.vatican.va/holy_father/benedict_xvi/speeches/2013/february/documents/hf_ben‑xvi_spe_20130211_declaratio_lt.html (accessed: Sept. 26, 2014).

Downloads

Published

2014-12-31

How to Cite

Stróżyński, M. “Classical Culture and European Identity: Pagan Antiquity in the Writings of Pope Benedict XVI”. Classica Cracoviensia, vol. 17, Dec. 2014, pp. 171-88, doi:10.12797/CC.17.2014.17.10.

Issue

Section

Articles