Singing a(n) (a)laukika body:

A Note on the Theorization of utprekṣā and Its Application in the Pāṇḍyakulodayamahākāvya

Authors

  • David Pierdominici Leão Jagiellonian University, Poland

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.12797/CIS.22.2020.02.05

Keywords:

alaṃkāraśāstra, Pāṇḍyakulodaya, mahākāvya, Pāṇḍya dynasty, kingship, divinisation

Abstract

Singing a(n) (a)laukika body: A Note on the Theorization of utprekṣā and Its Application in the Pāṇḍyakulodayamahākāvya

Utprekṣā or ‘ascription’ is one of the foremost devices in classical Sanskrit literature, with importance secondary only to upamā and rūpaka. In contrast to other figures extensively analysed by the theoretical treatises over centuries, it was characterised by a surprising uniformity in regard to its definition as offered by the ālaṃkārikas. The paper provides a brief overview of this device and its practical application in a 16th century mahākāvya, the Pāṇḍyakulodaya.

References

Primary sources

ARE= Annual Report of Indian Epigraphy, 1918, Madras.

Banhatti, N. D. (ed.). 1925. Kāvyālamkara-sāra-samgraha of Udbhata, Poona: Aryabhushan Press.

Böhtlingk, O. (ed. and transl.). 1890. Daṇḍin’s Poetik (Kâvyâdarça). Leipzig: Verlag Von H. Haessel.

Pt. Durgāprasāda, L. S. Pansikar (eds). 1886. Kāvyālaṃkāra of Rudraṭa with the Commentary of Namisādhu. Bombay: Nirnaya Sagar Press.

Dwivedī, R. (ed.). 1976, Kāvyālaṅkāra sūtra of Ācārya Vāmana; with the Kāvyālaṅkārakāmadhenu Sanskrit Commentary of Śrī Gopendra Tripurahara Bhūpāla, Varanasi: Caukhambha Sanskrit Sansthan.

Naganatha Sastry, P. V. (ed. and transl.). 1970, Kāvyālaṃkāra of Bhāmaha, Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass.

Raḍḍī Rańǵācārya, B., and S. Shripad Krishna Belvalkar (eds). 1920. Daṇḍin’s Kāvyādarśa, Edited with a New Sanskrit Commentary and English Notes, Pariccheda Second, Second Half. Bombay: Government Central Pres.

Sarma, K. V. (ed. and transl.). 1981. Pāṇḍyakulodaya (Resurgence of the Pāṇḍya Race). A Historical Mahākāvya by Maṇḍalakavi. Hoshiarpur: Vishveshvaranand Vishva Bandhu Institute of Sanskrit and Indological Studies.

Siddharta, S. (ed. and transl.). 2009. Sarasvatīkaṇṭhābharaṇam of King Bhoja (vol.II). New Delhi: Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts.

Secondary Sources

Fisher, E. 2017. Hindu Pluralism: Religion and Public Sphere in Early Modern South India. Oakland: University of California Press. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1525/luminos.24

Gerow, E. 1971. A Glossary of Indian Figures of Speech. The Hague–Paris: Mouton. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110905250

Gonda, J. 1966. Ancient Indian Kingship from the Religious Point of View. Leiden: Brill.

Kulke, H. 1978. The Devarāja Cult. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

Lienhard, S. 1984. A History of Classical Poetry, Sanskrit-Pali-Prakrit. Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz.

Narayana Rao, V., D. Shulman and S. Subrahmanyam. 1998. Symbols of Substance: Court and State in Nāyaka Period Tamilnadu. Delhi: Oxford University Press.

Nilakanta Sastri, K. A. 1929. The Pāṇḍyan Kingdom: from the Earliest Times to the Sixteenth Century. London: Luzac & Co.

Pollock, S. 1984. The Divine King in Indian Epic. In: Journal of the American Oriental Society, 104 (3): 505–528. https://doi.org/10.2307/601658. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/601658

Sethuraman, N. 1978. Imperial Pandyas: Mathematics Reconstructs Chronology. Kumbakonam: Sethuraman.

—. 1980. Medieval Pandyas (A.D. 1000–1200), Kumbakonam: Sethuraman.

Sudyka, L. 2013. Vijayanagara, a Forgotten Empire of Poetesses. Part I: The Voice of Gaṅgādevi. Kraków: Księgarnia Akademicka.

Wilden, E. 2014. Manuscript, Prints and Memory: Relics of the Caṅkam in Tamilnadu. Berlin: De Gruyter. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110352764

Dictionaries

Apte, V. S. 1965. The Practical Sanskrit-English Dictionary, Containing Appendices on Sanskrit Prosody and Important Literary and Geographical Names of Ancient India. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass.

Monier-Williams, M. 2005. A Sanskrit English Dictionary. Etymologically and Philologically Arranged with Special Reference to Cognate Indo-European Languages. New Delhi: Asian Educational Services.

Downloads

Published

2020-12-31

How to Cite

Leão, David Pierdominici. 2020. “Singing a(n) (a)laukika body:: A Note on the Theorization of utprekṣā and Its Application in the Pāṇḍyakulodayamahākāvya”. Cracow Indological Studies 22 (2):79-102. https://doi.org/10.12797/CIS.22.2020.02.05.

Funding data