Cursing the daēvas as an Example of Verbal Aggression in the Zoroastrian “Declaration of Faith”?

A Preliminary Study

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.12797/CIS.26.2024.01.09

Keywords:

Avesta, Zoroastrianism, daēvas, verbal violence, faith, hate speech

Abstract

This article examines the notion of verbal aggression evident in Zoroastrian prayers. Although one may be surprised that a declaration of Zoroastrian faith, called Fravarānē (Yasna 12), begins with the words “I hate / abhor / am disgusted” instead of “I believe,” cursing (nifrīn kunišn) the demons is a pious religious act.

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References

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Published

2024-06-07

How to Cite

Paraskiewicz, Kinga. 2024. “Cursing the daēvas As an Example of Verbal Aggression in the Zoroastrian ‘Declaration of Faith’? : A Preliminary Study”. Cracow Indological Studies 26 (1):191-204. https://doi.org/10.12797/CIS.26.2024.01.09.