Zmiany klimatu jako zagrożenie dla bezpieczeństwa narodowego w świetle dokumentów administracji amerykańskiej XXI wieku
Climate Change as National Security Threat in the 21st Century as Seen from the US Strategic Documents Perspective
The issue of climate change has started to be implemented in official strategic documents of the United States (US) in the first decade of the 21st century. This paper describes briefly the hierarchy of the US national security documents and climate change-related definitions. In the main part it makes an analysis of how climate change-related issues were introduced into the US national security strategic documents by the three 21st century American presidents. The paper comes to a conclusion, that climate change is treated as a national security threat and therefore reflected in a number of the US strategic documents.
CNA, National Security and the Threat of Climate Change, Alexandria 2007.
Department of Defense, 2013 Department of Defense Arctic Strategy, Washington 2013.
Department of Defense, Department of Defense dictionary of military and associated terms: 8 November 2010 (as amended through 15 February 2016), Washington 2016.
Department of Defense, Department of Defense FY 2012 Climate Change Adaptation Roadmap, 2012.
Department of Defense, QDR 101: What You Should Know, [online] http://archive.defense.gov/home/features/2014/0314_sdr/qdr/docs/QDR_101_FACT_SHEET_January_2010.pdf, 28 III 2018.
Department of Defense, Report to Congress on Strategy to Protect United States National Security Interests in the Arctic Region, Washington 2016.
Gates R.M., 2010 Quadrennial Defense Review, Washington 2010.
Gates R.M., National Defense Strategy 2008, Washington 2008.
Hagel C., 2014 Quadrennial Defense Review, Washington 2014.
Hagel C., Department of Defense 2014 Climate Change Adaptation Roadmap, Alexandria 2014.
Kelley T.P., Global Climate Change: Implications for the United States Navy, Newport 1990.
Klare M., Krew i nafta. Niebezpieczeństwa i konsekwencje rosnącej zależności Ameryki od importowanej ropy naftowej, przeł. A. Czerwiński, Warszawa 2006.
Lanicci J.M., Weather Operations in the Transformation Era, Maxwell Air Force Base 2003. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21236/ADA414781
Mullen M., The National Military Strategy of the United States of America 2011: Redefining America’s Military Leadership, Washington 2011.
Obama B., National Security Strategy 2010, Washington 2010.
Obama B., National Security Strategy 2015, Washington 2015.
Obama B., The White House, Executive Order 13514, Federal Leadership in Environmental, Energy, and Economic Performance, „Federal Register” 2009, t. 74, nr 194.
Obama B., The White House, Executive Order 13653, Preparing the United States for the Impacts of Climate Change, „Federal Register” 2013, t. 78, nr 215.
Obama B., The White House, Executive Order 13693, Planning for Federal Sustainability in the Next Decade, „Federal Register” 2015, t. 80, nr 57.
Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology and Logistics, Climate-Related Risk to DoD Infrastructure: Initial Vulnerability Assessment Survey (SLVAS) Report, Washington 2018.
Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology and Logistics, DoD Directive 4715.21: Climate Change Adaptation and Resilience, Washington 2016.
Pittenger R.F., Gagosian R.B., Global Warming Could Have a Chilling Effect on the Military, „Defense Horizons” 2003, nr 33.
Papp R.J., U.S. Coast Guard Arctic Strategy, Washington 2013.
Trump D., National Security Strategy of the United States 2017, Washington 2017.
US House of Representatives, National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008: conference report to accompany H.R. 1585, Washington 2007.
US House of Representatives, National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018: report of the Committee on Armed Services, House of Representatives, on H.R. 2810, Washington 2017.
US Navy, U.S. Navy Climate Change Roadmap, Washington 2010.