Combat, Myths and Seals in the Griffin Warrior Times


  • Kazimierz Lewartowski University of Warsaw



Mycenae, Crete, Pylos, combat, seals, myths, Homer


In 2015, an intaglio gem was discovered in Pylos (Messenia, Greece) from the beginning of the Late Bronze Age with a scene of two warriors in combat. This representation is part of a group of similar images on seals. The analysis of these objects allows the suggestion that the scenes depicted on them are based on the same story/myth. This story helped to build the ideology of the Mycenaean elites based on, among other things, the use of violence in social life and set patterns of behavior, while at the same time linking the Mycenaeans living in different parts of Greece, especially in Mycenae, Pylos and Vapheio. Perhaps it had an epic dimension similar to Homer’s much later work.


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How to Cite

Kazimierz Lewartowski. 2019. “Combat, Myths and Seals in the Griffin Warrior Times”. Studies in Ancient Art and Civilisation 23 (December):73-93.