Archaeological research as a benefit for the local community

Southern Jordan in the preliminary socioarchaeological study


  • Katarzyna Radziwiłko University of Warsaw
  • Łukasz Kutyło University of Lodz
  • Piotr Kołodziejczyk Jagiellonian University



public archaeology, heritage movement, cultural heritage management, Jordan, archaeological sites


Archaeological research as a benefit for the local community. Southern Jordan in the preliminary socioarchaeological study

Starting an archaeological research is not only the beginning of gathering new scientific data for academic analysis. The role of a scientist is not only to build the ‘tower of knowledge,’ but also to make it beneficial to people. Therefore, archaeological projects should also vastly contribute to the promotion of the heritage of the region and its modern value and to the development of tourism, education and local community activities. Understanding the local community and its view on the historical heritage, as well as on archaeological research seems to be a very important aspect of this type of activity. It will not only allow to identify potential risks and create a plan of regular research, excavations, as well as future maintenance. As a benefit of the sociological study, the future revitalization of the area will occur. This outcome may be an important extension of theoretical and practical principles of global heritage protection and may become a standard solution based on the belief that cultural heritage can be a factor of local community development and prosperity.


Achtemeier P. J. (ed.) 1999. Encyklopedia Biblijna (Prymasowska Seria Biblijna). Warsaw.

Atalay S. 2010. ‘We Don’t Talk about Çatalhöyük, We Live It’: Sustainable Archaeological Practice through Community-based Participatory Research, World Archaeology 42 (3), 418-429. /00438243.2010.497394.

Bennett C.-M. 1974. Excavation at Buseirah, Southern Jordan 1972: Preliminary Report, Levant 6 (1), 1-24. DOI:

Biblia tysiąclecia. Pismo Święte Starego i Nowego Testamentu [Millennium Bible. Old and New Testament] 2003. ed. 5. Poznań.

Bienkowski P. 1990. Umm El-Biyara, Tawilan and Buseirah in Retrospect, Levant 22, 91-109. DOI:

Bienkowski P. 1992. The Beginning of the Iron Age in Edom: A Reply to Finkelstein, Levant 24 (1), 167-169. DOI:

Bienkowski P. 2002. Busayra excavations by C.-M. Bennett, 1971-1980, British Academy monographs in archaeology 13. Oxford.

Burckhardt. J. 1822. Travels in Syria and Holy Land. London.

Burtenshaw P. and Palmer C. 2014. Archaeology, Local Development and Tourism – A Role for International Institutions, Council for British Research in the Levant Bulletin 9, 21-26. DOI:

Burtenshaw P., Finlayson B., El-Abed O. and Palmer C. 2019. The DEEPSAL Project: Using the Past for Local Community Futures in Jordan, Conservation and Management of Archaeological Sites 21 (2), 69-91. DOI:

Bührig C. and Andraschko F. 2018. Bringing Science to the Public. A Step towards a better Understanding of Culture and Natural Heritage, Berlin.

CIA World Factbook 2020, retrieved from (status as of Nov. 11th, 2020)

Damick A. and Lash A. 2013. The past Performative: Thinking through the Azraq Community Archaeology Project. Near Eastern Archaeology 76 (3), 141-149. DOI:

Darby R., Darby E., Key T. and Koulianos P. 2011. The “Ayn Gharandal archaeological project: A preliminary report on the 2010 and 2011 seasons. ADAJ 56, 405-422.

De Vries B. 2013. Archaeology and Community in Jordan and Greater Syria: Traditional Patterns and New Directions. Near Eastern Archaeology 76 (3), 132-140. DOI:

Greer S. 2010. Heritage and empowerment: community‐based Indigenous cultural heritage in northern Australia. International Journal of Heritage Studies, 16 (1-2), 45-58. DOI:

Greer S., Harrison R. and McIntyre-Tamwoy S. 2002. Community based-archaeology in Australia, World Archaeology, 34 (2), 265-287. DOI:

Henson D. 2011. The Educational Purpose of Archaeology: A Personal View from the Unit Kingdom. In: K. Okamura, A. Matsuda (ed.) New Perspectives in Global Public Archaeology. New York, 217-226. DOI:

Kołodziejczyk P., Nowak M., Wasilewski M., Witkowska B., Karmowski J., Czarnowicz M., Zakrzeńska J. and Brzeska-Zastawna A. 2018. HLC Project 2017. Jagiellonian University excavations in southern Jordan. Polish Archaeology in the Mediterranean 27/1, 379-416.

Kołodziejczyk P., Wasilewski M., Czarnowicz M., Karmowski J., Kościuk J. and Węgrzynek A. 2018. HLC Project. New Polish archaeological activity in Al-Ta- fileh micro-region (south Jordan). In P. Valde-Nowak, K. Sobczyk, M. Nowak, J. Źrałka (eds), Multas per gentes et multa per saecula: Amici magistro et collegae suo Ioanni Christopho Kozłowski dedicant. Krakow, 567-576.

Little B. J. 2002a. Archaeology as a Shared Vision. In: B. J. Little (ed.), Public Benefits of Archaeology. Gainesville, 3-20.

Little B. J (ed.) 2002b. Public Benefits of Archaeology. Gainesville.

Lipe W. D. 2002. Public Benefits of Archaeological Research. In: B. J. Little (ed.), Public Benefits of Archaeology. Gainesville, 20-28.

Matsuda A. 2016. A Consideration of Public Archaeology Theories, Public Archaeology 15 (1), 40-49. DOI:

Matsuda A. and Okamura K. (ed.). 2011. New Perspectives in Global Public Archaeology, London. DOI:

McGimsey C. 1972. Public archaeology. New York.

Merriman N. 2004. Introduction: Diversity and Dissonance in Public Archaeology. In: N. Merriman, (ed.) Public Archaeology. London, 1-17. DOI:

Moshenska G. 2017. Introduction: public archaeology as practice and scholarship where archaeology meets the world. In: G. Moshenska (ed.), Key Concepts in public archaeology. London. DOI:

Piccirillo M. 1997. Ricerca Storico-Archaeologica in Giordania XVII-1997, LA 47, 461-532 tavv. 39-5.

Politis K. D. 2009. The Conservation and Heritage Management of the Sanctuary of Lot at Dayr ‘ayn ‘abata, Studies in the History and Archaeology of Jordan 10, 259-268.

Porter B. W. and Salazar N. B. 2005. „Heritage Tourism, Conflict and the Public Interest: An Introduction”, International Journal of Heritage Studies 11 (5), 361-370. DOI:

Radziwiłko K. 2019. Archaeological tourism: a chance or a threat to southern Jordanian community. Case study of HLC Project. In: P. Kołodziejczyk (ed.), Discovering Edom. Polish Archaeological Activity in Southern Jordan. Krakow, 99-120. DOI:

Rychło J. N. 2013. Public Archaeology: A Tool for a Socially Responsible Archaeology. Saskatchewan. Schadla-Hall T. 1999. Editorial: public archaeology, European Journal of Archaeology 2 (2), 147-158. DOI:

Shackel P. A. 2004. Working with Communities, Heritage Development and Applied Archaeology. In: P. A. Shackel, E. J. Chambers (ed.), Places in mind. Public archaeology as Applied Anthropology. New York, 1-16. DOI:

Simmons A. and Najjar M. 2013. Joint Custody: An Archaeological Park at Neolithic Ghwair 1, Jordan. Near Eastern Archaeology 76 (3), 177-184. DOI:

Smith L. 2004. Archaeological theory and the politics of cultural heritage. Abingdon. DOI:

Tuttle C. A. 2013. Preserving Petra Sustainably (one Step at a Time): The Temple of the Winged Lions Cultural Resource Management Initiative as a Step Forward. Journal of Eastern Mediterranean Archaeology and Heritage Studies 1 (1), 1-23. DOI:

Walmsley A. 2000. An Archaeological Excavation of Gharandal in Jordan 1996-1999, Mediterranean Archaeology 13, 149-160.

Walmsley A. G. and Grey A. D. 2001. An Interim Report on the Pottery from Gharandal (Arindela), Jordan, Levant 33, 139-164. https://doi. org/10.1179/lev.2001.33.1.139.

Wójtowicz B. and Wójtowicz P. 2015. Atrakcje turystyczne Jordanii i ich znaczenie dla rozwoju usług turystycznych [Tourist attractions in Jordan and their importance for development of tourist services], Prace Komisji Geografii Przemysłu Polskiego Towarzystwa Geograficznego: kwartalnik naukowy [Studies of the Industrial Geography Commission of the Polish Geographical Society: a scientific quarterly] T. 29 (3), 48-66.




How to Cite

Radziwiłko, Katarzyna, Łukasz Kutyło, and Piotr Kołodziejczyk. 2020. “Archaeological Research As a Benefit for the Local Community: Southern Jordan in the Preliminary Socioarchaeological Study”. Studies in Ancient Art and Civilisation 24 (December):205-25.