A bone disc with an inscription from Marina el-Alamein (Egypt)

Authors

  • Grażyna Bąkowska-Czerner Jagiellonian University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.12797/SAAC.24.2020.24.11

Keywords:

bone disc, game counter, Marina el-Alamein, Greco-Roman town

Abstract

A bone disc with an inscription from Marina el-Alamein (Egypt)

A bone disc with an inscription has been found at the archaeological site of the Greco-Roman period at Marina el-Alameinin Egypt. It has a hole drilled in the center and a name IOULIOS (Ιούλιος) written in Greek letters on one side. One may wonder about the diskfunction. Names appear on theatre tickets and on game counters, but they also usually bear a number or an image, e.g. a figure or a building. In the town, which has been subject of a recent research, a large number of diverse types of game pieces were discovered; glass pawns and bone counters predominate among them, however, they differ from the discussed disc: they are smooth or decorated with cut concentric circles. The number and variety of pawns indicates diverse types and a big popularity of games among the inhabitants of Marina. The described disc may have been a strategic board game counter.

References

Alföldi Rosenbaum E. 1984. Characters and Caricatures on Game Counters from Alexandria (Studies on Roman Game Counters 5). In N. Bonacasa, A. Di Vita (eds), Alessandria e il mondo ellenistico-romano. Studi in onore di Achille Adriani II. Rome, 378-390.

Bąkowska-Czerner G. and Czerner R. 2019. Marina el-Alamein, Greco-Roman town in Egypt. In G. Bąkowska-Czerner and R. Czerner (eds), Greco-Roman Cities at the Crossroads of Cultures: The 20th Anniversary of Polish-Egyptian Conservation Mission Marina el-Alamein, 19-39. (Archaeopress Archaeology). Oxford. https://doi.org/10.2307/j.ctvndv687.6. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/j.ctvndv687.6

Bianchi Ch. 2015. ‘Pedine alessandrine’: testimoni illustri di un gioco ignoto. In C. Lambrugo, F. Slavazzi, A. M. Fedeli (eds), I materiali della Collezione Archeologica “Giulio Sambon” di Milano. 1. Tra alea e agòn: giochi di abilità e di azzardo, 53-65. Florence.

Bieber M. 1961. History of the Greek and Roman Theatre. Princeton NJ.

Czerner R., Bąkowska-Czerner G., Grzegorek W. and Jasiewicz A. 2014. Marina el-Alamein Polish-Egyptian Conservation Mission: research and conservation in the 2011 season, PAM 23/1, 63-77.

Daszewski W. A. 2011. Graeco-Roman town and necropolis in Marina el-Alamein, PAM 20, 421-456.

Jentoft-Nilsen M. 1982. Some objects relating to the theatre, The J. Paul Getty Museum Journal 10, 159-164.

Kokkinos N. 1992. Antonia Augusta: Portrait of a Great Roman Lady. London, New York.

Kucharczyk R. 2005. Early roman glass from Marina el-Alamein, PAM 16, 93-99.

Kucharczyk R. 2010. Glass from houses 1 and 2 in Marina el-Alamein, PAM 19, 114-130.

Kurke L. 1999. Ancient Greek Board Games and How to Play Them, CPhil. 94, 1999, 247-267. https://doi.org/10.1086/449440. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1086/449440

Mikler H. 1997. Die römischen Fund aus Bein in Landesmuseum Mainz. Mainz.

Mulvin L. and Sidebotham S. E. 2004. Roman Game Boards from Abu Sha’ar (Red Sea Coast, Egypt), Antiquity 78, 602 -617. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0003598X00113250. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0003598X00113250

Nuţu G. and Boţan S. P. 2009. Roman board game pieces in Northern Dobrudja, Peuce, S.N. 7, 145-156.

Petrie F. W. M. 1927. Objects of Daily Use Illustrated by the Egyptian Collection in University College London. London.

Richmond J. 1994. The “Ludus Latrunculorum” and “Laus Pisonis” 190-208. MH 51/3, 164-179.

Rodziewicz E. 2007. Bone and Ivory Carvings from Alexandria. French Excavations 1992-2004, (Études alexandrines 12). Institut français d’archéologie orientale. Cairo.

Rostovtzew M. 1905. Interprétation des tessères en os avec figures, chiffres et légendes, Rev. Arch. 5, 110-124.

Schädler U. 1994. Latrunculi, ein verlorenes strategisches Brettspiel der Römer. In G. G. Bauer (ed.), Homo Ludens IV. Derspielende Mensch 4. Internationale Beiträge des Institutes für Spielforschung und Spielpädagogik an der Hochschule “Mozarteum” Salzburg, Munich, 47-67.

Schädler U. 1998. Mancala in Roman Asia Minor. Board Games Studies 1, 10-25.

Solano S. 2015. Una tabula lusoria e pedine da gioco dal santuario di Minerva a Breno (BS). In C. Lambrugo, F. Slavazzi, A. M. Fedeli (eds), Tra alea e agòn: giochi di abilità e di azzardo, Florence, 131-135.

Zych I. 2010. Tomb T13 in the ancient Roman harbor town of Marina el-Alamein – a special burial place. In J. Kościuk( ed.), Non solum villae. Księga jubileuszowa ofiarowana profesorowi Stanisławowi Medekszy, Wroclaw. 329-343.

Downloads

Published

2020-12-01

How to Cite

Bąkowska-Czerner, Grażyna. 2020. “A Bone Disc With an Inscription from Marina El-Alamein (Egypt)”. Studies in Ancient Art and Civilisation 24 (December):257-63. https://doi.org/10.12797/SAAC.24.2020.24.11.

Issue

Section

Non-conference articles