Wróżki i zacofanie irlandzkich chłopów w świetle wybranych dziewiętnastowiecznych dzienników z podróży

Authors

  • Paweł Hamera Pedagogical University of Krakow

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.12797/SH.63.2020.01.03

Keywords:

fairies, Ireland, peasants, countryside, magic, nineteenth century

Abstract

THE ROLE OF FAIRIES IN THE LIVES OF IRISH PEASANTS AND THEIR DEPICTION IN SELECTED NINETEENTH-CENTURY TRAVELOGUES

Life in the nineteenth-century Irish countryside was not easy. Irish peasants lived in abject poverty and struggled to make ends meet. They consumed almost only potatoes and famines occurred regularly. Peasants often blamed their hardships on fairies, whose various races were supposed to inhabit Ireland. Tales about fairies were very popular among travelers who visited Ireland in the nineteenth century and subsequently published books about their travels there. They often highlighted the role of magic in daily activities of the Irish. The aim of this paper is to discuss the role of fairies in the lives of Irish peasants and argue that by underlining the attachment of the Irish to magical creatures, travelers underscored the backwardness of Irish peasants and propagated negative stereotypes about the inhabitants of the Emerald Isle.

Author Biography

Paweł Hamera, Pedagogical University of Krakow

Historyk i irlandysta, adiunkt w Katedrze Historii i Kultury Krajów Angielskiego Obszaru Językowego (Instytut Filologii Angielskiej Uniwersytetu Pedagogicznego im. Komisji Edukacji Narodowej w Krakowie). Autor monografii Wielki Głód w Irlandii 1845-1852 w świetle prasy angielskiej (2016), współredaktor monografii zbiorowej Food and Drink in Contexts (2019); ponadto autor licznych publikacji na temat dziewiętnastowiecznej Irlandii. Jego zainteresowania badawcze obejmują historię i kulturę krajów anglojęzycznych, w szczególności Irlandii i Stanów Zjednoczonych, historię prasy oraz historię cyfrową.

References

Materiały źródłowe:

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Opracowania:

Atlas of the Great Irish Famine, 1845-1852, ed. J. Crowley, W.J. Smyth, M. Murphy, Cork 2012.

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Hamera P., Wielki Głód w Irlandii 1845-1852 w świetle prasy angielskiej, Kraków 2016.

Inglot S., Z dziejów wsi polskiej i rolnictwa, Warszawa 1986.

Ó Gráda C., Ireland: A New Economic History 1780-1939, Oxford 1995, https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205982.001.0001.

The Tourist’s Gaze: Travellers to Ireland, 1800-2000, ed. G. Hooper, Cork 2001.

Williams W.H.A., Tourism, Landscape, and the Irish Character: British Travel Writers in Pre-famine Ireland, Madison 2008.

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Published

2022-07-20

How to Cite

Hamera, P. (2022). Wróżki i zacofanie irlandzkich chłopów w świetle wybranych dziewiętnastowiecznych dzienników z podróży. Studia Historyczne, 63(1(249), 51–59. https://doi.org/10.12797/SH.63.2020.01.03

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Articles