Primeiro Comando da Capital and Comando Vermelho

Genesis, Evolution and Their Impact through Narco-culture




Primeiro Comando da Capital, Comando Vermelho, narco-culture, narcobusiness, mega-rebelião


The era of the military junta left a legacy of draconian laws and inhumane prison conditions. The lack of effective reforms led to the rise of the prison gangs Comando Vermelho in the city of Rio de Janeiro and Primeiro Comando da Capital in the city of São Paulo. Ineffective state government policies based on relocation of problem prisoners and initial denial of their existence not only accelerated the expansion of the CV and PCC gangs in the prisons themselves but also enabled them to infiltrate the favelas. Members of the Comando Vermelho and the Primeiro Comando da Capital gangs took advantage of inequalities and racial discrimination that had existed since colonial times to maintain a negative image of the state and white elites while gaining support and potential recruits. The cocaine boom of the 1980s and the associated development of the narco-business provided the gangs with a lucrative source of income, but at the same time became a flashpoint between them, generating conflicts. Parallel with the emergence of organized crime, a multidimensional phenomenon called narco-culture arose and began to permeate popular culture. Though it, members of gangs and drug cartels sought to legitimize and gain social acceptance for narco-business, drug consumption, and their own criminal operations at the expense of lowering the authority of the state.

Author Biography

Kamil Jański, Jagiellonian University, Kraków, Poland

Graduated from the MA program in American Studies with specialization in Latin America at the Institute of American Studies and Polish Diaspora of Jagiellonian University. Author of several chapters in scientific monographs on international security and participant of several scientific conferences. Winner of the Award of the Dean of the Faculty of International and Political Studies, Jagiellonian University for the best thesis defended in the academic year 2020/2021. His research interests oscillate around narcoculture, challenges, and social problems in Latin America.


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How to Cite

Jański, K. . “Primeiro Comando Da Capital and Comando Vermelho: Genesis, Evolution and Their Impact through Narco-Culture”. Ad Americam, vol. 23, June 2022, pp. 5-27, doi:10.12797/AdAmericam.23.2022.23.01.