Dealing with Colonial Past

The Image of the British Rule in India in the 21st Century Hindi Cinema

  • Antonina Łuszczykiewicz Jagiellonian University in Kraków
Keywords: India, Bollywood, Colonization, British Raj

Abstract

This paper is dedicated to reconstructing the image of the British colonial rule in India in modern Hindi cinema. The main stress in the analysis is laid upon the depiction of the political and cultural impact of the British rule on common Indian people, as well as the colonizers’ attitude towards the independence movement. Consequently, the author intends to enquire, how movies made after 2000 – among which Lagaan: Once Upon a Time in India (2001), Mangal Pandey: The Rising (2005), Water (2005) and Rang De Basanti (2006) are given special attention – deal with the difficult colonial past from an over 50-year-long perspective. Moreover, the author explains, how modern Hindi cinema shapes Indian viewers’ opinions on the British rule, intending to strengthen their patriotic feelings and national pride.

Author Biography

Antonina Łuszczykiewicz, Jagiellonian University in Kraków

received her Ph.D. degree in Cultural Studies from the Jagiellonian University in Krakow in 2019. Her research interests focus on the history of China-India relations, as well as on colonial and postcolonial stereotypes and prejudices in the Asian context. Among her publications are two monographs dedicated to the image of Indians and Chinese in British literature. She is currently working on turning her Ph.D. thesis, dedicated to cultural aspects of the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence discourse, into a book.

References

Basu M., “Rang De Basanti: The Solvent Brown and Other Imperial Colors”, in R.B. Mehta, R.V. Pandharipande (eds.), Bollywood and Globalization. Indian Popular Cinema, Nation, and Diaspora, London 2011.

Bender J.C., The 1857 Indian Uprising and the British Empire, Cambridge 2016, https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781316471463. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781316471463

Bhattacharya N., Hindi Cinema. Repeating the Subject, London 2013, https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203084175. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203084175

Chakravarty S.S., National Identity in Indian Popular Cinema, 1947-1987, Austin 1993.

Dayal S., Dream Machine. Realism and Fantasy in Hindi Cinema, Philadelphia 2015. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/j.ctvrdf3wn

Dwyer R., Bollywood’s India. Hindi Cinema as a Guide to Contemporary India, London 2014.

Dwyer R., Patel D., Cinema India. The Visual Culture of Hindi Film, New Brunswick 2002.

Gaur I.D., Martyr as Bridegroom. A Folk Representation of Bhagat Singh, New Delhi 2008.

Gopalan L., Cinema of Interruptions. Action Genres in Contemporary Indian Cinema, London 2002. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5040/9781838710095

Gupta O., Encyclopaedia of India, Pakistan and Bangladesh, vol. 3, New Delhi 2006.

Harlan L., Religion and Rajput Women. The Ethic of Protection in Contemporary Narratives, Berkeley 1992.

Hasan D., “Talking Back to ‘Bollywood’: Hindi Commercial Cinema in North-East India”, in S. Banaji (ed.), South Asian Media Cultures. Audiences, Representations, Contexts, London 2011.

Kipling R., Gunga Din and Other Favorite Poems, New York 1990.

Kipling R., Kim, London 2000.

Lichtner G., Bandyopadhyay S., “Indian Cinema and the Presentist Use of History: Conceptions of ‘Nationhood’ in Earth and Lagaan”, Asian Survey, vol. 48, no. 3 (2008), https://doi.org/10.1525/as.2008.48.3.431. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1525/as.2008.48.3.431

MacKenzie S.P., Revolutionary Armies in the Modern Era. A Revisionist Approach, New York 1997.

Nussbaum M.C., “Review”, in eadem, Philosophical Intervensions. Reviews 1986-2011, New York 2012, https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199777853.003.0020. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199777853.003.0020

Parciack R., Popular Hindi Cinema. Aesthetic Formations of the Seen and Unseen, London 2016, https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315659176. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315659176

Raghavendra M.K., The Politics of Hindi Cinema in the New Millennium. Bollywood and the Anglophone Indian Nation, New Delhi 2014, https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199450565.001.0001. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199450565.001.0001

Sharma S.D., India Marching. Reflections from a Nationalistic Perspective, Bloomington 2012.

Singh U.K., “Penal Strategies and Political Resistance in Colonial and Independent India”, in K. Kannabiran, R. Singh (eds.), Challenging the Rule(s) of Law. Colonialism, Criminology and Human Rights in India, New Delhi 2008.

Smith W.L., “Rāmāya’a Textual Traditions in Eastern India”, in M. Bose (ed.), The Rāmāya’a Revisited, New York 2004.

Vasudevan R., “The Meanings of ‘Bollywood’”, in R. Dwyer, J. Pinto (eds.), Beyond the Boundaries of Bollywood. The Many Forms of Hindi Cinema, New Delhi 2012.

Wagner K.A., The Great Fear of 1857. Rumours, Conspiracies and the Making of the Indian Uprising, Witney 2010.

Wiemann D., “Teaming Multitudes – Lagaan and the Nation in Globality”, in A. Bartels, D. Wiemann (eds.), Global Fragments. (Dis)Orientation in the New World Order, Amsterdam 2007, https://doi.org/10.1163/9789401204224_012. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1163/9789401204224_012

Published
2019-12-31
How to Cite
Antonina Łuszczykiewicz. 2019. “Dealing With Colonial Past: The Image of the British Rule in India in the 21st Century Hindi Cinema”. Politeja 16 (2(59), 123-38. https://doi.org/10.12797/Politeja.16.2019.59.08.