Cyber Pearl Harbor is Not Coming: US Politics Between War and Peace




cybersecurity, cyber Pearl Harbor, USA, cyberwar


In 2012, the US Defense Secretary Leon E. Panetta warned against an inevitable ‘cyber-Pearl Harbor’, an attack that would cause physical destruction and loss of life. Even though the darkest scenarios have not come true, his words shaped the perception of conflicts in cyberspace.1 Recently, between the cyberwar and cyberpeace, states started recognizing a grey zone area – aggressive and offensive actions below the threshold of armed aggression that enable gaining strategic advantage. The aim of the article is to describe and discuss the change in the American approach to managing conflicts in the cyberspace. The focus will be on describing the current state of the concept of the grey zone in the US strategic documents, as well as the premises for forecasting the development of the grey zone in the future.


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Author Biography

Dominika Dziwisz, Jagiellonian University in Krakow

PhD, is an assistant professor in the Institute of Political Science and International Relations of the Jagiellonian University in Kraków, Poland. She holds master’s degree both in International Relations as well as Marketing and Management. She received her PhD with distinctions from the Jagiellonian University in 2014. Her PhD research was focused on cybersecurity policy in the USA. This topic, together with critical infrastructure protection and the relationship between Big Data and human rights, to this day remains in the center of her research interests.


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How to Cite

Dziwisz, Dominika. 2022. “Cyber Pearl Harbor Is Not Coming: US Politics Between War and Peace”. Politeja 19 (4 (79):95-109.



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