The Criteria of Evaluating Cicero in Quintilian's Institutio oratoria

Authors

  • Stanisław Śnieżewski Jagiellonian University, Kraków, Poland

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.12797/CC.18.2015.18.24

Keywords:

evaluation, rhetorical theory and practice, eloquence, figures of speech and thought, richness of vocabulary, charm, ethics

Abstract

Criteria of Evaluating Cicero in Quintilian's Institutio oratoria

Quintilian tries to evaluate Cicero on various levels. Examples from the Arpinate’s opera are interspersed almost in the whole textbook of the orator from Calagurris. He highly estimates Cicero’s achievements both in rhetorical practice and theory and appreciates his usage of metaphor, allegory, hyperbole, irony, riddle. The Arpinate is the greatest embodiment of various virtues that are praised in other speakers. As concerns incisum, membrum, circumitus, Quintilian constantly quotes Cicero. The most beautiful kind of speech is the one where analogy, allegory and metaphor are gracefully entwined. Quintilian remains under Cicero’s spell. It is obvious that Quintilian would not have written Institutio oratoria if he did not use the examples contained in Cicero’s works. Poetry raised to its height due to Homer and Vergil, while rhetoric – due to Demosthenes and Cicero.

References

Craig Ch. P., 2010, ‘Cicero as orator’, [in:] W. Dominik, J. Hall (eds.), A companion to Roman rhetoric, Malden, pp. 264-284.

Fantham E., 1978, ‘Imitation and decline: Rhetorical theory and practice in the first century after Christ’, Classical Philology 73, pp. 102-116.

Innes D., 1988, ‘Cicero on tropes’, Rhetorica: A Journal of the History of Rhetoric 6, pp. 307-325.

Logie J., 2003, ‘“I have no predecessor to guide my steps”: Quintilian and Roman authorship’, Rhetorical Review 22, pp. 353-373.

May J. M., 2010, ‘Cicero as rhetorician’, [in:] W. Dominik, J. Hall (eds.), A companion to Roman rhetoric, Malden, pp. 250-263.

Odgers M. M., 1933, ‘Quintilian’s use of earlier literature’, Classical Philology 28, pp. 182-188.

Odgers M. M., 1935, ‘Quintilian’s rhetorical predecessors’, Transactions of the American Philological Association 66, pp. 25-36.

Albrecht M. von, 1997, A history of Roman literature: From Livius Andronicus to Boethius, vol. 2, Leiden, pp. 1254-1264.

Tellegen-Couperus O., 2003, Quintilian and the law, Leuven.

Downloads

Published

2015-09-13

How to Cite

Śnieżewski, S. “The Criteria of Evaluating Cicero in Quintilian’s Institutio Oratoria”. Classica Cracoviensia, vol. 18, Sept. 2015, pp. 413-36, doi:10.12797/CC.18.2015.18.24.

Issue

Section

Articles