Hybrid Power Sharing: On How to Stabilize the Political Situation in Multi-segmental Societies

Authors

  • Krzysztof Trzciński Jagiellonian University in Kraków

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.12797/Politeja.15.2018.56.06

Keywords:

power sharing, hybrid power sharing, consociational, centripetal, Nigeria, Indonesia

Abstract

There are various ways of reducing conflicts and of stabilizing the political situation in states where society is made up of many different ethnic groups and religious communities, and where relations between these segments – or between them and the central government – are tense. A particularly important way is the establishment in those states of a political system based on power-sharing (PS), which allows members of various ethnic and religious segments to take part in the exercise of power. The literature on the subject usually discusses two models of PS: consociationalism and centripetalism. A third model is encountered in practice, however, that of hybrid power-sharing (HPS), which combines the institutions of the first two. The main objective of this article is to explain the nature and origins of HPS. As examples, I will use the political systems of Nigeria and Indonesia. In the first part of the article I explain briefly the nature of PS, and of its two main models; in the second I explain what HPS is; in the third I analyze the emergence of HPS, and give the causes of the inclusion of consociational institutions in political systems in which centripetal institutions are dominant, using the cases of Nigeria and Indonesia; I draw conclusions in the final part.

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Author Biography

Krzysztof Trzciński, Jagiellonian University in Kraków

A political scientist, an Africanist, a historian of ideas, and a scholar of contemporary political philosophy; a lecturer and research fellow at the Institute of the Middle and Far East of the Jagiellonian University in Kraków. He analyses various formal and informal concepts of institutional arrangements that may contribute to the emergence of an optimal political organization in fragmented societies, especially those of multi-ethnic Sub-Saharan Africa. He studies the democratization process and the effectiveness of the institutions of power in the so-called developing countries, the theory and practice of democracy and the correlation between democracy and civilizational development. He is a tutor of the Collegium Invisibile and a Life Member of Clare Hall, University of Cambridge. He has conducted fieldwork in several countries in Sub-Saharan Africa and Asia.

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Published

2019-06-18

How to Cite

Krzysztof Trzciński. 2019. “Hybrid Power Sharing: On How to Stabilize the Political Situation in Multi-Segmental Societies”. Politeja 15 (5(56):85-107. https://doi.org/10.12797/Politeja.15.2018.56.06.