Modus operandi of Qatar Resistance Policy against “Anti-Terror Quartet”

Why Sanctions Have Failed?


  • Adrianna Łukaszewicz Koźminski University in Warsaw
  • Wojciech Grabowski University of Gdańsk



Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, sanctions, anti-sanctions policy


An effective resistance policy by Qatar against sanctions imposed by Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Egypt, Bahrain (called the Anti-terror Quartet or ATQ) surprised many analysts, journalists and politicians as well. The asymmetry in power between parties of this conflict was huge with a clear advantage with the sanctioning states. However, a wide range of actions applied by the Qatari government effectively countered the ATQ effort to portray Qatar as a threat to international peace and security and forced it to change its policy. The objective of the article is to explain the mechanisms of economic sanctions to show the conditions of its effectiveness and mistakes made by the ATQ. The research objective is also to evaluate a defensive policy applied by Qatar in reaction to the sanctions.


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Author Biographies

Adrianna Łukaszewicz, Koźminski University in Warsaw

Is a researcher and academic teacher, specialist in the field of economics, political sciences, and international relations. For many years. she was an employee of the University of Warsaw – firstly in the Faculty of Economics and later in the Institute of International Relations. From 2017, she holds a position of professor of economics at the Koźminski University in Warsaw. In her research, she focuses on interdisciplinary analysis of the Gulf region, energy market, and the global economy. She is the author of dozens of research papers and monographs in prestigious Polish and international scientific journals. She is a frequent lecturer at a number of European universities and is regularly invited as a commentator on topics related to the Gulf region for the influential Polish radio station TokFM. She visited Qatar University in 2016.

Wojciech Grabowski, University of Gdańsk

Ph.D., is a University of Gdansk fellow for the Middle East. He is working across the disciplines of political science and international relations. His research examines the changing position of Persian Gulf states (including the Gulf Cooperation Council) in the regional and global order, as well as the status of integration and disintegration in the Middle East. He was visiting researcher at Qatar University (2014), King Faisal Foundation in Riyadh (2015), Allameh Tabataba’i University in Tehran (2016), and Jawaharlal Nehru University (2016). He wrote a monograph Muslim fundamentalism on the Middle East (University of Gdańsk Publishing House 2014) and was an editor of two other books – Evolution of terrorism at the turn of XX and XXI century (University of Gdańsk Publishing House 2009) and two volumes of Arab and Muslim World in the International Relations (Rambler Publishing House 2016 and 2017).


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How to Cite

Łukaszewicz, Adrianna, and Wojciech Grabowski. 2020. “Modus Operandi of Qatar Resistance Policy Against ‘Anti-Terror Quartet’: Why Sanctions Have Failed?”. Politeja 17 (1(64):313-36.