Poland’s Political Apparitions

Authors

  • Adam Chmielewski Uniwersytet Wrocławski

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.12797/Politeja.17.2020.67.01

Keywords:

political aesthetics, nationalism, social democracy, neoliberalism, egalitarian liberalism

Abstract

Poland’s Political Apparitions: How to Dispel Them
In this paper I will argue that within the decades since the Velvet Revolution of 1989, the mutual perception of the liberal and leftist political formations negatively affected the prospects of their possible cooperation. A failure of the Polish liberals to cooperate with Poland’s Left was among the main reasons for the inability to form a progressive alliance. More importantly, it left a fertile ground upon which populist and authoritarian movements were able to grow. As a result, Poland, initially presented as a role model of the transition from the conditions of the “real” socialism, has become an oppressive despotic regime, just like Turkey and Hungary. I will attempt to explain the emergence of the non-liberal democracy in Poland by stressing in particular the failure of the Polish liberals to take seriously the problems of social and economic exclusion resulting from the economic shock therapy applied during the transformative decades. Pointing to the tradition of the egalitarian liberalism, largely o erlooked in Poland, I will argue that there are both doctrinal resources and practical models which could be tapped by Polish liberals in order to establish a fruitful cooperation with the Poland’s Left. Such a programme would have a chance to succeed on the condition of dispelling the phantom of neoliberalism

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Atkinson A., Inequality. What Can be Done?, Cambridge MA–London 2015, https://doi.org/10.4159/9780674287013. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4159/9780674287013

Beveridge W., Why I Am a Liberal, London 1945.

Blair T., Against Populism, the Center Must Hold, „New York Times” 2017, 3 III.

Chavagneux Ch., Europe Resists the Global Inequality Trend, 19 XII 2017, [online] https://voxeurop.eu/en/2017/inequalities-world-5121694.

Chmielewski A., Politics and Recognition. Towards a New Political Aesthetics, London 2020,

https://doi.org/10.4324/9780429297489. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4324/9780429297489

Chmielewski A., Psychopatologie życia politycznego. Podręcznik ilustrowany, Wrocław 2009.

Drałus D., The Reciprocal Cosmopolitanism, „Problemos” 2020, nr 97, https://doi.org/10.15388/Problemos.97.1. DOI: https://doi.org/10.15388/Problemos.97.1

Dunin K., Niewidzialna noga rynku, „Gazeta Wyborcza” 2007, 23 III.

Dunin K., Poza rynkiem i konserwą, „Gazeta Wyborcza” 2007, 24 II.

Eccleshall R. i in., Political Ideologies. An Introduction, London–New York, 1994.

Eidlin F., Popper’s Social-Democratic Politics and Free-Market Liberalism, „Critical Review”, vol. 17, nr 1-2, https://doi.org/10.1080/08913810508443626. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/08913810508443626

Gadomski W., Rynek jest ciepły, „Gazeta Wyborcza” 2007, 3 III.

Green T.H., Lectures on the Political Obligation, Longmans, Green and Co., London–New York–Toronto 1941.

Hobson J.A., A Reader, red. M. Freeden, London 1988.

Houllebecq M., Extension du domaine de la lutte, Paris 1994; wyd. pol.: Poszerzenie pola walki, przeł. E. Wieleżyńska, Poznań 2005.

Krastev I., The New Europe: Respectable Populism, Clockwork Liberalism, „Open Democracy” 2006, 21 III , [online] https://www.opendemocracy.net/en/new_europe_3376jsp/.

MacIntyre A., Marxism and Christianity, London 1995.

Mann T., Czarodziejska góra, przeł. J. Kramsztyk, t. 2, Warszawa 1982.

Mączyński P., Baj L., Robotnicy żądają podwyżek. Firmy podniosą ceny, „Gazeta Wyborcza” 2007, 14 V.

Michnik A., Kościół, lewica, dialog, Warszawa 1998.

Mill J.S., Mill H.T., Subjection of Women, Portland 2009.

Monbiot G., Neoliberalism. The Ideology at the Root of All Our Problems, „The Guardian” 2016, 16 V, [online] https://www.theguardian.com/books/2016/apr/15/neoliberalism-ideology-problem-george-monbiot.

NSZZ „Solidarność”. Komisja Krajowa, [online] http://www.solidarnosc.org.pl/archiwum/ikzd/dokumenty/program/program.pdf.

Ost D., The Defeat of „Solidarity”. Anger and Politics in Postcommunist Europe, Ithaca 2005; wyd. pol.: Klęska „Solidarności”. Gniew i polityka w postkomunistycznej Europie, przeł. H. Jankowska, Warszawa 2007, Spectrum.

Piketty Th., Capital in the Twent-First Century, Cambridge MA–London 2014. https://doi.org/10.4159/9780674369542. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4159/9780674369542

Popper K.R., Unended Quest. An Intellectual Autobiography, London–New York 1992; wyd. pol.: Nieustanne poszukiwania, Autobiografia intelektualna, przeł. A. Chmielewski, Kraków 1997.

Rawls J., Political Liberalism, New York 1993.

Russell B., Portrety z pamięci, Wartość wolnej myśli, przeł. A. Chmielewski, Wrocław 1995.

Saez E., Zucman G., The Triumph of Injustice. How the Rich Dodge Taxes and How to Make Them Pay, New York 2019.

Strachey L., Eminent Victorians, San Diego–New York–London 1918.

The Third Way and Beyond. Criticisms, Futures and Alternatives, red. S. Hale, W. Leggett, L. Martell, Manchester 2004.

Wolność, nie równość, rozmowa z Januszem Lewandowskim, „Gazeta Wyborcza” 2000, 15-16 I.

Žižek S., Przekleństwo fantazji, przeł. A. Chmielewski, Wrocław 2001.

Published

2020-10-15

How to Cite

Chmielewski, Adam. 2020. “Poland’s Political Apparitions”. Politeja 17 (4(67):3-33. https://doi.org/10.12797/Politeja.17.2020.67.01.

Issue

Section

Myśl polityczna