Understanding Contemporary Security: A Prolegomenon to the Interplay Between Technology, Innovation and Policy Responses
Keywords:security, technology, innovation, modernization, policy response
Contemporary security is shaped by a variety of factors which determine the changing dynamics of connections and interdependencies within and between social groups and political actors. The growing importance of technology and innovation for states and societies has been a critical factor in the infrastructural, organizational and decision-making dimensions. This article aims to integrate some aspects of contemporary security into current dynamics of technology and innovation as vehicles of rapid and substantial changes in security policies and actions. Designed as an essay based on qualitative method in social sciences, this paper raises theoretical and empirical questions concerning modernization and innovation as determinants of contemporary security structures and policies. The empirical dimension of technology, innovation and politics are presented in the microscale (local security), in the mesoscale (state security, national security, sectoral security) and in the macroscale (international security in regional and global dimensions), as well as from the cross-sectional (transversal) perspective.
Beck U., Risk Society. Towards a New Modernity, London 1992.
Bellanova R., Lindskov Jacobsen K., Monsees L., “Taking the Trouble: Science, Technology and Security Studies”, Critical Studies on Security, vol. 8, no. 2 (2020), pp. 87-100, https://doi.org/10.1080/21624887.2020.1839852. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/21624887.2020.1839852
Bērziņa I. “From ‘Total’ to ‘Comprehensive’ National Defence: The Development of the Concept in Europe”, Journal on Baltic Security, vol. 6, no. 2 (2020), pp. 1-9. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/jobs-2020-0006
Chamayou G., A Theory of the Drone, transl. by J. Lloyd, New York 2015.
Cudworth E., Hobden S., “Beyond Environmental Security: Complex Systems, Multiple Inequalities and Environmental Risks”, Environmental Politics, vol. 20, no. 1 (2011), pp. 42-59, https://doi.org/10.1080/09644016.2011.538165. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/09644016.2011.538165
Driver D., “The European Union and the Comprehensive Civil-Military Approach in Euro-Atlantic Security: Matching Reality to Rhetoric”, Strategic Studies Quarterly, vol. 4, no. 3 (2010), pp. 136-155.
Fagan M., “Security in the Anthropocene: Environment, Ecology, Escape”, European Journal of International Relations, vol. 23, no. 2 (2017), pp. 292-314, https://doi.org/10.1177/1354066116639738. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/1354066116639738
Fuerst-Bjeliš B., Leimgruber W. (eds), Globalization, Marginalization and Conflict: Political, Economic and Social Processes, Cham 2020, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-53218-5. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-53218-5
Heim M., The Metaphysics of Virtual Reality, New York 1993, https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195092585.001.0001. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195092585.001.0001
Himes K.R., Drones and the Ethics of Targeted Killing, Lanham, MD 2016.
Holmes D., “Introduction: Virtual Politics – Identity and Community in Cyberspace”, in D. Holmes (ed.), Virtual Politics: Identity and Community in Cyberspace, London 1997.
Jones S.G. (ed.), CyberSociety: Computer-Mediated Communication and Community, London 1995. DOI: https://doi.org/10.22230/cjc.1996v21n2a945
Kamieński Ł., Mimowolne cyborgi. Mózg i wojna przyszłości, Wołowiec 2022.
Krelina M., “Quantum Technology for Military Applications”, EPJ Quantum Technology, vol. 8 (2021), art. 24, https://doi.org/10.1140/epjqt/s40507-021-00113-y. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1140/epjqt/s40507-021-00113-y
Lawson S., Middleton M.K., “Cyber Pearl Harbor: Analogy, Fear, and the Framing of Cyber Security Threats in the United States, 1991 2016”, First Monday, vol. 24, no. 3-4 (2019), https://doi.org/10.5210/fm.v24i3.9623. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5210/fm.v24i3.9623
Major C., Mölling Ch., “More Than Wishful Thinking? The EU, UN, NATO and the Comprehensive Approach to Military Crisis Management”, Studia Diplomatica, vol. 62, no. 3 (2009), pp. 21-28.
Malakooti B., “Decision Making Process: Typology, Intelligence, and Optimization”, Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing, vol. 23, no. 3 (2012), pp. 733-746, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10845-010-0424-1. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10845-010-0424-1
Margolis M., Resnick D., Politics as Usual: The Cyberspace ‘Revolution’, London–Thousand Oaks–New Delhi 2000. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4135/9781452233475
Mazarr M.J., Unmodern Men in the Modern World: Radical Islam, Terrorism, and the War on Modernity, Cambridge 2007.
McGonagle J.J., Vella C.M., Proactive Intelligence: The Successful Executive’s Guide to Intelligence, London 2012, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4471-2742-0. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4471-2742-0
Mérand F., Hofmann S.C., Irondelle B., “Governance and State Power: A Network Analysis of European Security”, Journal of Common Market Studies, vol. 49, no. 1 (2011), pp. 121-147, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-5965.2010.02132.x. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-5965.2010.02132.x
Miller G., Belton C., “Russia’s Spies Misread Ukraine and Misled Kremlin as War Loomed”, The Washington Post, 19 August 2022, at https://archive.ph/97QJv.
Panteli N., Chiasson M. (eds), Exploring Virtuality within and beyond Organizations: Social, Global and Local Dimensions, Basingstoke 2008, https://doi.org/10.1057/9780230593978. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1057/9780230593978
Sarker I.H., Furhad M.H., Nowrozy R., “AI-Driven Cybersecurity: An Overview, Security Intelligence Modeling and Research Directions”, SN Computer Science, vol. 2 (2021), art. 173, https://doi.org/10.1007/s42979-021-00557-0. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s42979-021-00557-0
Sayler K.M., “Emerging Military Technologies: Background and Issues for Congress”, Congressional Research Service, 6 April 2022, at https://sgp.fas.org/crs/natsec/R46458.pdf.
Scharre P., Army of None: Autonomous Weapons and the Future of War, New York 2018.
Singer P.W., Wired for War: The Robotics Revolution and Conflict in the 21st Century, New York 2009. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5325/utopianstudies.21.2.0375
Sloggett D., Drone Warfare: The Development of Unmanned Aerial Conflict, Barnsley 2014.
Sonne P. et al., “Battle for Kyiv: Ukrainian Valor, Russian Blunders Combined to Save the Capital”, The Washington Post, 24 August 2022, at https://www.washingtonpost.com/national-security/interactive/2022/kyiv-battle-ukraine-survival/?itid=na_top_nav.
Stein G.J., “Total Defense: A Comparative Overview of the Security. Policies of Switzerland and Austria”, Defense Analysis, vol. 6, no. 1 (1990), pp. 17-33, https://doi.org/10.1080/07430179008405428. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/07430179008405428
Stępka M., Identifying Security Logics in the EU Policy Discourse: The ‘Migration Crisis’ and the EU, Cham 2022, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-93035-6. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-93035-6
Stone J., “Cyber War Will Take Place!”, Journal of Strategic Studies, vol. 36, no. 1 (2013), pp. 101-108, https://doi.org/10.1080/01402390.2012.730485. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/01402390.2012.730485
Straub J., “Defining, Evaluating, Preparing for and Responding to a Cyber Pearl Harbor”, Technology in Society, vol. 65 (2021), 101599, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techsoc.2021.101599. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techsoc.2021.101599
Szerszynski B., “The End of the End of Nature: The Anthropocene and the Fate of the Human”, The Oxford Literary Review, vol. 34, no. 2 (2012), pp. 165-184, https://doi.org/10.3366/olr.2012.0040. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3366/olr.2012.0040
Turner H.Ch., “Cyber War Forthcoming: »It Is Not a Matter of If, It Is a Matter of
When«”, E-International Relations, 8 July 2020, at https://www.e-ir.info/2020/07/08/cyber-war-forthcoming-it-is-not-a-matter-of-if-it-is-a-matter-of-when/.
Vestby A., Vestby J., “Machine Learning and the Police: Asking the Right Questions”, Policing.
Vincze E, Bartha A., Virág T., “Theoretical Potential of Addressing Production of Marginality at the Crossroads of Spatial Exclusion and Development”, Intersections: East European Journal of Society and Politics, vol. 1, no. 4 (2015), pp. 4-13, https://doi.org/10.17356/ieejsp.v1i4.174. DOI: https://doi.org/10.17356/ieejsp.v1i4.174
Wither J.K., “Back to the Future? Nordic Total Defence Concepts”, Defence Studies, vol. 20, no. 1 (2020), pp. 61-81, https://doi.org/10.1080/14702436.2020.1718498. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/14702436.2020.1718498
How to Cite
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.