Święta wojna w Bośni i Hercegowinie – geneza, aktorzy, zagrożenia
Keywords:Bosnia and Herzegovina, terrorism, the mujahidin, the Bosnian war
Holy war in Bosnia and Herzegovina – origins, actors and threats
The paper discusses the problem of mujahidin’s activity in Bosnia and Herzegovina during the Bosnian war of 1992 to 1995. The author describes the background and the causes of the presence of holy warriors in Bosnia and Herzegovina, as well as the forms of financial and military support offered to them by the governments of Muslim countries, especially Iran and Saudi Arabia. The article presents also the organization of mujahidin’s units, their influence on the internal situation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the attitude of the Bosnian government towards the foreign warriors. According to the author, the presence of the mujahidin in the Balkans during the war was directly linked to the operation of international terrorist groups, which were given an opportunity to train and recruit volunteers for future terrorist attacks worldwide. The author also shows the role of Bosnian Muslim conservative communities in the global jihad.
Alic A., Bosnian Forces Conduct Massive Wahabi Raid, International Relations and Security Network, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich, [online] http://www.isn.ethz.ch/layout/set/print/content/view/full/24620?lng=en&id=112328.
Attanassoff V., Islamic Revival in the Balkans, Monterey, Calif. 2006.
Bell M., In Harm’s Way. Bosnia. A War Reporter’s Story, London 2012.
Bosnia US Embassy Gunman Mevlid Jasarevic Jailed for 18 Years, BBC News, [online] http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world‑europe‑20629893.
Ceresnjes A., Green R., Ruch globalnego dżihadu w Bośni – bomba zegarowa w sercu Europy, przeł. M. Koraszewska, The MEMRI, VI 2012.
The General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina with Annexes, Annex 1A: Agreement on the Military Aspects of the Peace Settlement, artykuł 3, 14 XII 1995.
Glenny M., The Fall Yugoslavia. The Third Balkan War, London–New York 1996.
House Republican Policy Committee, Policy Perspective. The Clinton Administration’s „Wink and Nod” to Allow Iran into Bosnia. Iran‑Bosnia Credibility Gap, 26 IV 1996.
Lučić I., Bosnia and Herzegovina and Terrorism, „National Security and the Future” 2001, Vol. 3‑4, nr 2.
Lugert A.C., Preventing and Combating Terrorism in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Vienna 2002.
National Commission on Terrorist Attacks upon the United States, The 9/11 Commission Report, 2004, s. 366‑367, [online] http://www.9‑11commission.gov/report.
Oluic S., Radical Islam on Europe’s Frontier – Bosnia & Herzegovina, „National Security and the Future” 2008, Vol. 1‑2, nr 9.
Schindler J.R., Unholy Terror. Bosnia, Al‑Qa’ida and the Rise of Global Jihad, St. Paul 2007.
U.S. Department of State, Country Reports on Terrorism 2013, [online] http://www.state.gov/j/ct/rls/crt/2013/224822.htm.
How to Cite
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.