Przywództwo partyjne a porażka wyborcza – interakcje i współzależności




party leadership, electoral defeat, personalization of politics, parliamentary election, Belgium



The aim of the article is to examine the nature of the relationship between electoral defeat and the personal stability of party leadership. The theoretical dimension is complemented by a quantitative analysis conducted in 73 European political parties and a qualitative analysis of the post-election situation in Belgium. The empirical component is based on an expert survey and individual in-depth interviews with parliamentarians and representatives of the leadership of Vlaams Belang (VB), Ecolo, Socialistische partij.anders (Sp.a), Parti Socialiste (PS) and Centre démocrate Humaniste (CdH). The findings show that the mere fact of poor parliamentary election results is not a factor that triggers an accelerated leader replacement, although at the same time it is the most common change in European political parties experiencing electoral defeat. What matters for a party’s response to waning electoral support is the systemic context. The Belgian example shows that the loss of votes and parliamentary seats compensated by the possibility to participate in power at different levels of the state reduces the impact of defeat on the personal stability of the party leadership.


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Author Biography

Anna Pacześniak, University of Wrocław

Prof. dr hab. nauk o polityce i administracji, od 2005 roku pracuje na Uniwersytecie Wrocławskim, najpierw w Instytucie Politologii, obecnie w Katedrze Studiów Europejskich. W latach 2011-2018 wykładowczyni w Instytucie Studiów Europejskich na Wolnym Uniwersytecie w Brukseli. Stypendystka Ministerstwa Nauki i Szkolnictwa Wyższego, Rządu Francuskiego, Wallonia-Brussels International oraz Narodowej Agencji Wymiany Akademickiej. Zdobywa i realizuje granty Narodowego Centrum Nauki (OPUS, SONATA BIS). Koordynowała polski komponent w kilku projektach finansowanych przez belgijski Fonds de la Recherche Scientifique oraz przez Parlament Europejski. Autorka niemal 150 publikacji na temat partii i systemów partyjnych w Polsce i Europie, europeizacji, funkcjonowania europartii.


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How to Cite

Pacześniak, Anna. 2022. “Przywództwo Partyjne a porażka Wyborcza – Interakcje I współzależności”. Politeja 19 (5(80):105-21.



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