Ruch niepodległościowy w Katalonii i jego znaczenie dla Katalończyków w drugiej dekadzie XXI wieku

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.12797/SI.20.2021.20.08

Keywords:

Katalonia, kataloński ruch niepodległościowy, kataloński separatyzm, regionalizm, referendum 2017

Abstract

Independence Movement in Catalonia and Its Significance for Catalans in the Second Decade of the 21st Century

The paper focuses on the issues of the independence movement in Catalonia in the second decade of the 21st century. The aim of this study is to explore the evolution of Catalonia’s separatist aspirations in this period in terms of politics and especially society, and thus the position of Catalans towards this phenomenon. A significant element of the author’s considerations is the demonstration and analysis of the specificity and factors determining contemporary Catalan separatism, as well as concerning the context of perceiving Catalans as a nation. The independence process in the second decade of the 21st century, including treatment of events such as the judgment of the Spanish Constitutional Court in 2010, the independence referendum in 2017, or the trial and judgment of Catalan politicians in 2019, taken into account by the author, hold considerable importance for this work. The key part of the paper is to present the issues of the independence movement in the discussed period in terms of society; its emerging role in the Catalan society, and the impact of the activities and actions of Catalans themselves on the politics and development of the region’s separatist aspirations.

References

BARWIŃSKI, M. (2004), „Pojęcie narodu oraz mniejszości narodowej i etnicznej w kontekście geograficznym, politycznym i socjologicznym”, Acta Universitatis Lodziensis. Folia Geographica Socio-Oeconomica, 5, Łódź, s. 59-74.

GELLNER, E. (1983), Nations and Nationalism, Cornell University Press, Ithaca.

GENERALITAT DE CATALUNYA (2012), Eleccions al Parlament de Catalunya 2012 – Resultats, [on-line] https://bit.ly/2HbrZMo, 9.05.2021.

GENERALITAT DE CATALUNYA (2014), Resultats Participa 2014, [on-line] https://bit.ly/3w628Kf, 9.05.2021.

GENERALITAT DE CATALUNYA (2015), Eleccions al Parlament de Catalunya 2015, Departament de Governació i Relacions Institucionals (Secretaria General), [on-line] https://bit.ly/2CfICnD, 9.05.2021.

GENERALITAT DE CATALUNYA (2017a), Referèndum d’autodeterminació de Catalunya. Resultats Definitius, [on-line] https://bit.ly/2Rz1Tp0, 9.05.2021.

GENERALITAT DE CATALUNYA (2017b), Eleccions al Parlament de Catalunya 2017. Resum, [on-line] https://bit.ly/3dbTFv6, 9.05.2021.

GRASS, K. (2018), „The Struggle for a Catalan Republic. Rethinking the Way Forward”, Platypus Review, 103, [on-line] https://platypus1917.org/2018/02/03/struggle-catalan-republic-rethinking-way-forward/, 9.05.2021.

GUIBERNAU, M. (2000), „Nationalism and Intellectuals in Nations without States. The Catalan Case”, Political Studies, 48(5), s. 989-1005, https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-9248.00291.

GUINJOAN, M., RODON, T. (2016), „Catalonia at the Crossroads. Analysis of the Increasing Support for Secession” w: Cuadras Morató, X. (red.), Catalonia. A New Independent State in Europe? A Debate on Secession Within the European Union, Routledge, London, https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315740584-2.

HECHTER, M. (2000), Containing Nationalism, Oxford University Press, Oxford, https://doi.org/10.1093/019924751X.001.0001.

JUDGMENT OF THE COURT In Case (Grand Chamber) C-502/19 (2019), [on-line] https://bit.ly/333wFw4, 9.05.2021.

KRAUS, P. A., VERGÉS-GIFRA, J. (red.) (2017), The Catalan Process. Sovereignty, Self-Determination and Democracy in the 21st Century, Generalitat de Catalunya, Institut d’Estudis de l’Autogovern, Barcelona.

LEY 19/2017, de 6 de septiembre, del referèndum de autodeterminación (2017), [on-line] https://bit.ly/38YOhwV, 9.05.2021.

LEY ORGÁNICA 6/2006, de 19 de julio, de reforma del Estatuto de Autonomía de Cataluña (2006), [on-line] https://bit.ly/3nZSea1, 9.05.2021.

LITTLE, O. (2019), 28 Sent to Jail after Week of Disorder in Catalonia, Catalan News, [on-line] https://bit.ly/2RDrxvE, 9.05.2021.

LLIBERTAT.CAT (2020), L’independentisme català. Un moviment nou, [on-line] https://bit.ly/3gHtIVK, 9.05.2021.

MARCET, J. (2019), Eight Years of Pro-independence Effort in Catalonia. Elections, Actors and the Political Process, Institut de Ciències Polítiques i Socials, Barcelona.

MENDOZA, E. (2017), Co z tą Katalonią?, tłum. K. Jaszecka (2018), Sonia Draga, Katowice [tytuł oryginalny: ¿Qué está pasando en Cataluña?].

MOLENDA, P. (2020), Unia Europejska wobec dążeń niepodległościowych Katalończyków na przykładzie stosunku do referendum z 2017 roku, [on-line] https://bit.ly/3iJcpFI, 9.05.2021.

POBÓG-LENARTOWICZ, M. (2016), „Imperium bez państwa, państwo bez granic – koncepcja Països Catalans we współczesnej myśli społeczno-politycznej Katalonii”, Pogranicze. Polish Borderlands Studies, 4(2), s. 301-319, https://doi.org/10.25167/ppbs411.

RESOLUCIÓ 1/XI del Parlament de Catalunya, sobre l’inici del procés polític a Catalunya com a conseqüència dels resultats electorals del 27 de setembre de 2015 (2015), [on-line] https://bit.ly/3dkEgsw, 9.05.2021.

RESOLUCIÓ 5/X del Parlament de Catalunya, per la qual s’aprova la Declaració de sobirania i del dret a decidir del poble de Catalunya (2013), [on-line] https://bit.ly/2NbY4Ug, 9.05.2021.

ROVIRA MARTÍNEZ, M. (2016), „Entre els Països Catalans i la independència de Catalunya”, Eines per a l’esquerra nacional, 26, Barcelona, s. 16-25.

SENTENCIA 31/2010 (Tribunal Constitucional) (2010), [on-line] https://bit.ly/2UILUWA, 9.05.2021.

SERRANO, I. (2017), „Normative Views in Practice. The Political Discourse on Secession in Catalonia 2003-2015” w: Kraus, P. A., Vergés-Gifra, J. (red.), The Catalan Process. Sovereignty, Self-Determination and Democracy in the 21st Century, Generalitat de Catalunya, Institut d’Estudis de l’Autogovern, Barcelona.

SMITH, A. D. (1995), Nations and Nationalism in a Global Era, Polity Press, Cambridge.

STRUBELL, M. (2016), „The Catalan Independence Process and Cold Repression (2003-2016)”, Razprave in Gradivo Revija za Narodnostna Vprašanja, 77, s. 5-30.

SZACKI, J. (1997), „O narodzie i nacjonalizmie”, Znak, 3, Kraków, s. 4-31.

SZUL, R. (2015), „Regionalizm w Hiszpanii”, MAZOWSZE Studia Regionalne, 16, Warszawa, s. 13-51.

TOUBEAU, S. (2020), National Self-determination in Times of Shared Sovereignty. Goals and Principles from Catalonia to Europe in the 21st Century, Fundació Catalunya Europa, Barcelona.

VERGÉS-GIFRA, J. (red.), SERRANO, I., SERRA, M. (2019), Un biaix etnicista en la política catalana? L’efecte desigual del „procés», Càtedra Ferrater Mora de Pensament Contemporani de la Universitat de Girona.

VIDAL-APARICIO, O. (2015), Catalonia and the United States. Two Lockean Revolutions 240 Years Apart, [on-line] https://bit.ly/2FLBbXB, 9.05.2021.

Downloads

Published

2021-11-25

How to Cite

Molenda, Przemysław. 2021. “Ruch niepodległościowy W Katalonii I Jego Znaczenie Dla Katalończyków W Drugiej Dekadzie XXI Wieku”. Studia Iberystyczne 20 (November):177-98. https://doi.org/10.12797/SI.20.2021.20.08.