The Symptoms of the Shift towards an Authoritarian State in Tanzania’s President John Pombe Magufuli’s rule

Authors

  • Emilia Bamwenda University of Wrocław

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.12797/Politeja.15.2018.56.08

Keywords:

John P. Magufuli, political party, Tanzania, authoritarianism, political changes

Abstract

In the early 1990s, political changes in Tanzania led to political liberalization and the reintroduction of formal democratic institutional structures. Political pluralism was established under the control of the ruling party of Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM), which gave it the opportunity to maintain state power, stability within the party and to establish limitations in terms of systemic changes. However, the party’s hegemony was shaken during the last presidential election, where only a slight majority (58%) was won by CCM’s candidate John P. Magufuli. From the moment of taking office as President, he began to implement his electoral postulates. In 2016, Magufuli was appointed the world’s best president by United National Economic and Social Council for tightening and reducing public sector spending. There is no doubt that during the two and a half years of rule, Magufuli introduced significant changes in the governance structures and lives of Tanzanian people. However, his recent methods of governing the state seem to ignore basic human rights, women’s rights, freedom of speech and the press, the independence of courts and respect for the multi-party system in the country.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Emilia Bamwenda, University of Wrocław

PhD student at the Institute of International Relations at the University of Wrocław. A graduate of master’s studies in International Relations and graduate European Studies at the University of Wrocław. She specializes in development aid, economic policy and development economics of East African countries with special interest in Tanzania’s social and economic development. Her interests also include regional integration of East Africa and the subject of migration. In order to explore the research area, she went on numerous study trips to Tanzania. She shared her researches at international and national conferences, both scientific and commercial. She is an analyst at the Invest Africa portal aiming to bring the business environment in Africa to Polish investors. She is a member of the Council of PhD Students and the Peer Court in the Faculty of Social Sciences of the University of Wroclaw and the PhD Council of the University of Wroclaw.

References

Ahearne R., “Tanzania keeps tightening restrictions on free speech under president Magufuli”, Quartz Africa, 31 May 2018, at <https://qz.com/africa/1292873/tanzaniakeeps-tightening-restrictions-on-free-speech-under-president-magufuli/>.

Bakhari A., “Leadership Succession and Democratization in Tanzania”, The Indian Journal of Political Science, vol. 64, no. 1/2 (2003).

Barclay R., “Tanzania: Decoding ‘the Magufuli way’ and forging a path for constructive private sector engagement”, Africa Practice, August 2016, at <http://www.africapractice.com/wpcontent/uploads/2016/08/Africa-InDepth-Tanzania-Decoding-the-Magufuli-Way-2016.pdf>.

Baregu M., Tanzania’s Hesitant and Disjointed Constitutional Reform Process, Conference on Constitution-Making Process in Southern Africa, 2000.

Center For Reproductive Rights, “Forced out. Mandatory pregnancy testing and the expulsion of pregnant students in Tanzanian schools”, 2013.

Citizens’ views on new developments in education TWAWEZA, (2016) at <https://www.twaweza.org/uploads/files/SzW-Education-Feb2016-EN-FINAL.pdf>.

Collord M., “Presidential Profile – John Pombe Magufuli. An outsider with an ambitious (and controversial) agenda”, Presidential Power, 30 January 2017, at <https://presidential-power.com/?p=5955>.

Cross C., “Tanzania is stepping up its policing of social media and with it fears of government abuse”, at Quartz Africa, 1 November 2016, <https://qz.com/africa/824177/tanzania-isstepping-up-its-policing-of-social-media-and-with-it-fears-of-government-abuse/>.

Cross C., “Tanzania’s social media policing increases the risk of government abuse”, The Conversation, 30 October 2016, at <https://theconversation.com/tanzanias-socialmedia-policing-increases-the-risks-of-government-abuse-67478>.

Dahir A.L., “Tanzania has banned a newspaper for two years as it tightens its media clampdown”, Quartz Africa, 19 June 2017, at <https://qz.com/africa/1009353/magufulis-government-has-shut-tanzanian-newspaper-mawio-for-two-years/>.

Davies R., “Petra Diamonds market value falls after Tanzania seizes $15m shipment”, The Guardian, 11 September 2017, at <https://www.theguardian.com/business/2017/sep/11/petra-diamonds-market-value-falls-tanzania-seizes-shipment>.

Eckert A., “Useful Instruments of Participation? Local Government and Cooperatives in Tanzania, 1940s to 1970s”, International Journal of African Historical Studies, vol. 40, no. 1 (2007).

Giles C., “Tanzania’s bloggers fight back against $930 fee as court grants injunction”, CNN, 7 May 2018, at <https://edition.cnn.com/2018/04/12/africa/tanzania-blogging-internetfreedoms-africa/index.html>.

Githaiga H., “Tanzania to own 16 pc stake in Acacia’s three gold mines”, The East African, 19 October 2017, at <http://www.theeastafrican.co.ke/business/Tanzania-to-own-16pcstake-in-Acacia-gold-mines/2560-4146918-i48kim/index.html>.

“John Magufuli is bulldozing the opposition and wrecking the economy”, The Economist, 19 October 2017, at <https://www.economist.com/middle-east-and-africa/2017/10/19/john-magufuli-is-bulldozing-the-opposition-and-wrecking-the-economy>.

“JPM foreign travel ban saves Sh900bn”, The Citizen, 10 February 2017, a <http://www.thecitizen.co.tz/News/JPM-foreign-travel-ban-saves-Sh900bn/1840340-3807722-5jbury/index.html>.

Kapama F., “Tanzania: Lawyers Isolate Lissu Over Immma ‘Bomb’”, AllAfrica, 29 August 2017, at <https://allafrica.com/stories/201708290102.html>.

Kayandabila J., Leadership’s Big Idea. High-Potential Leaders in the Making, AuthorHouse 2016.

“Letter from Africa: Tanzania’s cybercrime law”, BBC News, 18 October 2015, at <https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-34517711>.

“Magufuli: ‘My Priorities’”, The Citizen, 21 November 2015, at <http://www.thecitizen.co.tz/News/Magufuli--My-Priorities/1840340-2965662-m73ssd/index.html>.

Mamdani M., Citizen and Subject. Contemporary Africa and the Legacy of Late Colonialism, Princeton 2006.

Mhango N.N., Africa’s Best and Worst Presidents. How Neocolonialism and Imperialism Maintained Venal Rules in Africa, Langaa RPCIG, Bamenda 2016.

Mhina A., Makulilo A., Consultancy on the Review of Various Aspects on Electoral Systems and the Electoral Commission in Tanzania, Dar es Salaam, Constitutional Review Commission of the United Republic of Tanzania, 2013.

Mibei H., Karanja L., Gakuo S., Romney D., Karanja D., Sones K., “Mobile Landscape Analysis: Tanzania”, Cabi Working Paper, vol. 10 (2017), at < http://dx.doi.org/10.1079/CABICOMM-36-3825>.

Mohammed O., “Tanzania’s presidential race is not as tight as previously thought – not even close”, Quartz Africa, 22 September 2015, at <https://qz.com/africa/507740/tanzanias-presidential-race-is-not-as-tight-as-previously-thought-not-even-close/>.

Mohammed O., “WhatsApp is now the primary platform for political trash talk in Tanzania’s election campaign”, Quartz Africa, 27 September 2015, at <https://qz.com/africa/510899/whatsapp-is-now-the-primary-platform-for-political-trash-talk-in-tanzanias-election-campaign/>.

Nesoba R., “John Magufuli – Tanzania’s ‘Bulldozer’ president in profile”, BBC News, 24 November 2015, at <https://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-34670983>.

Ng’wanakilala F., “Tanzania says over 10,000 ‘ghost workers’ purged from government payroll”, Reuters, 16 May 2016, at <https://www.reuters.com/article/us-tanzania-corruption/tanzania-says-over-10000-ghost-workers-purged-from-government-payroll-idUSKCN0Y70RW>.

Ng’wanakilala F., “Tanzania shut down another ‘days numbered’ newspaper”, Reuters, 20 September 2017, at <https://www.reuters.com/article/us-tanzania-media/tanzaniashuts-down-another-days-numbered-newspaper-idUSKCN1BV14Y>.

Nsehe M., „Africa’s Youngest Billionaire Mohammed Dewji Promises to Create 100,000 Jobs in Tanzania”, Forbes, 10 June 2016, at <https://www.forbes.com/sites/mfonobongnsehe/2016/06/10/africas-youngest-billionaire-mohammed-dewji-promises-to-create-100000-jobs-in-tanzania/#431538452880>.

Nyaluke D., Connolly E., “The Role of Political Ideas in Multi-Party Elections in Tanzania. Refuting Essentialist Explanations of African Political Systems”, Irish Studies in International Affairs, vol. 24 (2013). DOI: https://doi.org/10.3318/ISIA.2013.24.17

Nyirabu M., “The Multiparty Reform Process in Tanzania. The Dominance of the Ruling Party”, African Journal of Political Science, vol. 7, no. 2 (2002). DOI: https://doi.org/10.4314/ajps.v7i2.27333

Odhiambo A., „In Tanzania, Sparing the Rod–and the Child–to Improve Learning”, Human Rights Watch, 12 March 2017, at <https://www.hrw.org/news/2017/03/12/tanzania-sparing-rod-and-child-improve-learning>.

Open Government Ship, at <https://www.opengovpartnership.org/>.

Paget D., “All bets are off as Magufuli’s resource nationalism moves up a gear in Tanzania”, The Conversation, 27 July 2017, at <https://theconversation.com/all-bets-areoff-as-magufulis-resource-nationalism-moves-up-a-gear-in-tanzania-81632>.

Paget D., “Magufuli has been president for two years: how he’s changing Tanzania”, The Conversation, 2 November 2017, at <https://theconversation.com/magufulihas-been-president-for-two-years-how-hes-changing-tanzania-86777>.

Paget D., „Tanzanian president Magufuli’s record mining fine is a warning to the global extractive industry”, Quartz Africa, (2017), at <https://qz.com/africa/1040731/tanzanias-president-magufulis-fine-for-barrick-gold-owned-acacia-marks-a-new-day/>.

Pekkonen S., “Tanzania press freedom plunges into unprecedented crisis”, International Press Institute, 14 August 2018, at <https://ipi.media/tanzania-press-freedom-plunges-into-unprecedented-crisis/>.

Peter C.M., „Constitutional Making Process in Tanzania: The Role of Civil Organisations”, Department of International Law, University of Dar es Salaam, 1999.

Reeves P.R., Klein K., Republic in Transition: 1995. Elections in Tanzania and Zanzibar, IFES Observation Report, International Foundation for Election System, 30 November 1995.

Schneider L., “Colonial Legacies and Postcolonial Authoritarianism in Tanzania. Connects and Disconnects”, African Studies Review, vol. 49, no. 1 (2006), at <https://doi.org/10.1353/arw.2006.0091>.

“Tanzania and Zanzibar”, Human Rights Watch, 2018, at <https://www.hrw.org/world-report/2018/country-chapters/tanzania-and-zanzibar>.

“Tanzania National Bureau of Statistics” at <https://www.nbs.go.tz/nbstz/index.php/english/client-service-charter/965-highlights-for-the-second-quarter-july-sept-gross-domesticproduct-2017>.

“Tanzania Population”, Word Population Review, at <http://worldpopulationreview.com/countries/tanzania-population/>.

“Tanzania: NewspaperMwanaHalisibannedforsedition”, Article 19,22 September2017, at<https://www.article19.org/resources/tanzania-newspaper-mwanahalisi-banned-for-sedition/>.

Taylor B., “Clampdown on fake academic certificates”, Tanzanian Affairs, no. 118 (2017), at <https://www.tzaffairs.org/2017/09/clampdown-on-fake-academic-certificates/>.

The United Republic of Tanzania, “The Cybercrimes act, 2015”, Gazette of the United Republic of Tanzania, vol. 96, no. 22, May 2015.

“TPA container fleet dwindles with corruption crackdown”, IPP Media, 13 March 2016, at <https://www.ippmedia.com/en/news/tpa-container-fleet-dwindles-corruption-crackdown>.

Velt P., “The Risks of Making a Difference: Tundu Lissu Shot in Tanzania”, World Resources Institute, 16 October 2017, at <https://www.wri.org/blog/2017/10/risks-makingdifference-tundu-lissu-shot-tanzania>.

„World Investment Report 2018. Investment and New Industrial Policies”, UNCTAD, Geneva 2018.

Worrall L., Colenbrander S., Palmer I., Makene F., Mushi D., Kida T., Martine M., Godfrey N., “Better Urban Growth in Tanzania. A Preliminary Exploration of the Opportunities and Challenges”, Coalition for Urban Transition, London–Washington 2017.

Downloads

Published

2019-06-18

How to Cite

Emilia Bamwenda. 2019. “The Symptoms of the Shift towards an Authoritarian State in Tanzania’s President John Pombe Magufuli’s Rule”. Politeja 15 (5(56):123-50. https://doi.org/10.12797/Politeja.15.2018.56.08.