Miotani wichrem wojny. Chińscy uchodźcy w czasie wojny z Japonią 1937–1945





Republic of China, refugees, Sino-Japanese war 1937-1945



The Sino-Japanese War drove tens of millions of Chinese people from their homes. Only occasionally did they receive any help. Some had never returned home. A majority of the refugees were men. Many of them (sometimes even a half half of them) were related to the sphere of culture and education. This was surprising since the average Chinese was illiterate. The Republic of China’s government attempted to evacuate universities and secondary schools. It also did not have the means to arm all the men of military age.


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How to Cite

Polit, J. (2023). Miotani wichrem wojny. Chińscy uchodźcy w czasie wojny z Japonią 1937–1945. Intercultural Relations, 7(1(13), 10–27. https://doi.org/10.12797/RM.01.2023.13.01