Problem badawczy


  • Roman Bäcker Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika
  • Joanna Rak Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu



research problem, types of problems, Linneus, Weber


Research problem

A problem is a question which concerns some lack of knowledge. A number of research problems types may be distinguished. The questions about facts are fundamental. However, they are particularly significant in natural sciences. In social sciences (e.g., what is the structure of the ruling elite in prerogative states?) their significance is considerably smaller. Then, there is the type of classificatory questions, i.e., these questions relate to the distinctive features of the class of beings, phenomena of facts fulfilment by being, phenomenon or fact. Indeed, the questions about relations between dependent and independent variables are the most prevalent in social sciences. The last type of questions is formulated on the basis of the model of antinomic behavioural ideal types. This type is characterized by the high extent of applicability to research (i.a., qualitative analyses). It is useful because offers frameworks to determining distances between being/phenomenon/fact and its behavioural ideal type.


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Author Biographies

Roman Bäcker, Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika

Kierownik Katedry Teorii Polityki na Wydziale Politologii i Studiów Międzynarodowych Uniwersytetu Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu.

Joanna Rak, Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu

Doktorantka w Katedrze Teorii Polityki na Wydziale Politologii i Studiów Międzynarodowych Uniwersytetu Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu.


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How to Cite

Bäcker, Roman, and Joanna Rak. 2015. “Problem Badawczy”. Politeja 12 (4 (36):155-64.