Demographic Perspective of Self-reported Health of Senior Citizens in Nepal




Nepal Ageing Survey (2015), Elderly People, Self-Reported Health, Senior Citizens


The health of the elderly (senior Citizen) has become the growing concern as the ageing population increases. Self-reported health is widely used measure of health status through individual. The aim of this study is to identify the major demographic factors of self-reported health among the senior citizen in Nepal. In this study, demographic variables include; Age, sex, marital status, migration status, residence status (rural-urban), and ecological area. This study has utilized data from Nepal Ageing Survey (2015) which is the biggest survey on aging in Nepal till now. Binary Logistic Regression has been used to determine the association between demographic, and self-reported health of elderly. Odds Ratio (OR) is used as a measure of effect. The level of significance is set at 95 percent confidence interval with a p-value of 0.05. The study attempts to examine the role they play in the health status of the elderly (good or bad). The conclusion of the study found significant effect in the health status of the elderly based on age, sex, ecological regions, and settlement status. There is not found significant impact of marital status and migration status on health.


Amin, S., Bajracharya, A., Bongaarts, J., Chau, M., & Melnikas, A. J. 2017. Demographic Changes of Nepal: Trends and Policy Implications. Final Report. Kathmandu: National Planning Commission, Government of Nepal.

Chalise, H. N. 2019. Aging: Basic Concept, American Journal of Biomedical Science and Research, 1(1), 8–10.

Fonta, C. L., Nonvignon, J., Aikins, M., Nwosu, E., & Aryeetey, G. C. 2017. Predictors of SelfReported Health among the Elderly in Ghana: A Cross Sectional Study, BMC Geriatrics, 17, 1–15,

Ghimire, D., & Bhandari, P. 2020. Study of Migration and Later Life Health in Nepal, Journal of Migration and Health, 1–2, 1–10,

Haseen, F., Adhikari, R., & Soonthorndhada, K. 2010. Self-Assessed Health among Thai Elderly, BMC Geriatrics, 10, 1–9, https://doi .org/ 10.1186/1471-2318-10-30.

Hosseinpoor, A. R., Stewart Williams, J., Jann, B., Kowal, P., Officer, A., Posarac, A., & Chatterji, S. 2012. Social Determinants of Sex Differences in Disability among Older Adults: A MultiCountry Decomposition Analysis Using the World Health Survey, International Journal for Equity in Health, 11,

Joung, I. M., Stronks, K., van de Mheen, H., & Mackenbach, J. P. 1995. Health Behaviours Explain Part of the Differences in Self Reported Health Associated with Partner/Marital Status in The Netherlands, Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health, 49(5), 482–488,

National Statistical Office (NSO). 2023. National Census 2021, Brief Result, Government of nepaloffice of the Prime Minister and Council of Minister, Singhadurbar, Kathmandu. Retrieved from

Nepal Ageing Survey. 2015. Results from Nepal Ageing Survey Data 2015. Conduted by Central for social sciences studies, Nepal for the purpose of Nepal’s Government, Population and Health Ministry, Kathmandu.

Sharma, M. 2023. Determinations of Self-Reported Health of Elderly People in Nepal, The Asian Conference on Aging & Gerontology 2023: Official Conference Proceedings,

United Nations (UN). 2017. The Revision: Highlights. Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Urbanization Prospects.




How to Cite

Sharma, M. P. (2023). Demographic Perspective of Self-reported Health of Senior Citizens in Nepal. Intercultural Relations, 7(2(14), 76–91.