Polityka w zakresie badań i rozwoju technologicznego Unii Europejskiej jako przykład integracji formalnie i faktycznie zróżnicowanej
Keywords:Research & Technological Development Policy of the EU, governance, differentiated integration, European integration
Research and Development Policy of the European Union as an Example of Formal and Real Differentiated Integration
In this paper has been analysed a concept of the differentiated integration and their main criteria. This allows to show the formal and legal sphere of this concept, especially in the Research and Technological Development Policy of the European Union. As a result it was noted that the described EU structural policy is an area of deep formal and real diversity that runs both between EU Member States and other public‑private stakeholders, such as universities or enterprises. This fact contributed to present two scenarios for the further evolution of European integration in the area of Research and Technological Development Policy.
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Copyright (c) 2018 Leszek Kwieciński
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