The Indo-European Family Tree and its Split – a Report from the Workshop "The Indo-European Family Tree"


  • Piotr Garbacz Uniwersytet w Oslo


Słowa kluczowe:

drzewo języków indoeuropejskich, rozpad praindoeuropejskiej wspólnoty językowej, italo-celtycki, greko-ormiański, języki germańskie


The paper provides an overview of a number of recent presentations of the Indo-European family tree and the split off its branches, as found in standard textbooks on the topic. These views are contrasted against the results of a workshop, The Indo-European family tree (University of Copenhagen, 15–17 Feb. 2017). Our account specifically addresses whether there are reasons to assume the existence of Italo-Celtic, Graeco-Armenian and what is the position of the Germanic branch in the tree. The use of new archaeological methods, computational cladistics and DNA-studies and their possible importance for diachronic linguistics are also mentioned.


Brak dostęþnych danych do wyświetlenia.


Allentoft M.E. et al., 2015, Population Genomics of Bronze Age Eurasia, “Nature” 522, p. 167–172, [on-line:]

Beekes R.S.P., 2011, Comparative Indo-European Linguistics. An Introduction, Amsterdam.

Chang W. et al., 2015, Ancestry-Constrained Phylogenetic Analysis Supports the Indo-European Steppe Hypothesis, “Language” 91(1), p. 194–244, [on-line:]

Derksen R., 2008, Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon, Leiden.

Evans S.N., Ringe D., Warnow T., 2006, Inference of Divergence Times as a Statistical Inverse Problem, [in:] P. Forster, C. Renfrew (eds), Phylogenetic Methods and the Prehistory of Languages, Cambridge, p. 119–129.

Fortson B.W., 2011, Indo-European Language and Culture. An Introduction, Hoboken.

Haak W. et al., 2015, Massive Migration from the Steppe Was a Source for Indo-European Languages in Europe, “Nature” 522, p. 207–211, [on-line:]

Jasanoff J., 2003, Hittite and the Indo-European Verb, Oxford.

Jones E.R. et al., 2015, Upper Palaeolithic Genomes Reveal Deep Roots of Modern Eurasians, “Nature Communications” 6, [on-line:]

Kapović M., 2017, Indo-European Languages – Introduction, [in:] M. Kapović, A.G. Ramat, P. Ramat (eds), The Indo-European Languages, New York, p. 1–9.

Kortlandt F.H.H., 2013, Palatovelars Before Syllabic Resonants: Another Look, “Baltistica” 48(1), p. 13–17, [on-line:]

Lehmann W.P., 1986, A Gothic Etymological Dictionary, Leiden.

Olsen B.A., 2017, The Greek-Armenian Connection, Part I, Handout, The Indo-European family tree, Copenhagen, 15–17 February.

Ringe D., 2017, From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic, Oxford.

Robinson O.W., 1992, Old English and its Closest Relatives. A Survey of the Earliest Germanic Languages, London – New York.

Schrijver P., 2017, Italo-Celtic and the Question of i[t]s Homeland, Handout, The Indo-European family tree, Copenhagen, 15–17 February.

Streitberg W., 1905/06, Gotica. 2. Got. ni waihts, “Indogermanische Forschungen” 18, p. 401–404.



Jak cytować

Garbacz, P. (2018) „The Indo-European Family Tree and its Split – a Report from the Workshop «The Indo-European Family Tree»”, LingVaria, 13(25), s. 9–20. doi: 10.12797/LV.13.2017.25.01.



Zagadnienia ogólne