“Faith so as to Remove Mountains”

What Faith and What Mountains in 1 Cor 13:2?

Authors

  • Pasquale Basta Pontifical Urbaniana University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.12797/MOaP.27.2021.53.01

Keywords:

semantic analysis, translation, faith, charisma, moving mountains

Abstract

The presence of πίστις in the list of spiritual gifts in1 Cor 12:8-10 is problematic. Should not faith be the common basis of the charisms and not a particular gift? What means “faith” in 1 Cor 12:9, given that Paul includes it among the nine manifestations of the Spirit? How to understand and to translate it? Evidently, “faith” points here not simple adherence, but a very precise form of πίστις. In fact, Paul places wisdom, knowledge and “faith” in rapid succession, making them the three principal dimensions of the teaching charisms. As reflected in the repetition of the same gifts in the sequence of 13:2. Some Jewish texts talk about rabbis able to change the point of view of people whose convictions were as immovable as a mountain. They were nicknamed “mountain mover” (oker harim). Thanks to the support of rabbinic literature it becomes possible to explain the presence of πίστις among the teaching gifts in 1 Cor 12:9 and 13:2, offering a translation, certainly broad but more attentive to the semantics of the charism of faith: “if I have all the ability to deliver discourses of faith from which to convince people as immovable as mountains, but I do not have charity, I am nothing”.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

PlumX Metrics of this article

References

Aguilar Chiu, J. E. (2007), 1 Cor 12-14. Literary Structure and Theology, Analecta Biblica 166, Pontificio Istituto Biblico, Roma.
View in Google Scholar

Aletti, J.-N., Gilbert, M., Ska, J.-L., du Vulpillières, S. (2005), Vocabulaire raisonné de l’exégèse biblique: Les mots, les approches, les auteurs, Cerf, Paris.
View in Google Scholar

Aune, D. E. (1983), Prophecy in Early Christianity and the Ancient Mediterranean World, Eerdmans, Grand Rapids, MI.
View in Google Scholar

Barbaglio, G. (1995), La Prima Lettera ai Corinzi. Introduzione, versione e commento, Scritti delle origini cristiane 7, Dehoniane, Bologna.
View in Google Scholar

Barr, J. (1961), The Semantics of the Biblical Language, Oxford University Press, London-Oxford.
View in Google Scholar

Barr, J. (1978), Fundamentalism, SCM Press, London.
View in Google Scholar

Barr, J. (1984), Escaping from Fundamentalism, SCM Press, London = Beyond Fundamentalism, Westminster Press, Philadelphia.
View in Google Scholar

Barrett, C. K. (1968), A Commentary on the First Epistle to the Corinthians, Black’s New Testament Commentary, Black, London.
View in Google Scholar

Basta, P. (2020), Prima lettera ai Corinzi. Edificare nelle difficoltà, Collana Biblica, Edizioni Dehoniane, Bologna.
View in Google Scholar

Basta, P. (2021), ad vocem “Meaning”, in Biblical Exegesis Dictionary, Belgrado (in process of publication).
View in Google Scholar

Best, E. (1975), “The Interpretation of Tongues”, Scottish Journal of Theology. 28: 45-62, https://doi.org/10.1017/S0036930600034591. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0036930600034591
View in Google Scholar

Bovati, P., Basta, P. (2012), «Ci ha parlato per mezzo dei profeti»: Ermeneutica biblica, Gregorian University and Biblical Institute Press – Edizioni San Paolo, Roma-Cinisello Balsamo.
View in Google Scholar

Callan, T. (1985), “Prophecy and Ecstasy in Greco-Roman Religion and in 1 Corinthians”, Novum Testamentum. 27: 125-140, https://doi.org/10.1163/156853685X00247. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1163/156853685X00102
View in Google Scholar

Carson, D. A. (1987), Showing the Spirit. A Theological Exposition of 1 Corinthians 12-14, Baker, Grand Rapids, MI.
View in Google Scholar

Collins, R. F. (1999), First Corinthians, Sacra Pagina 7, Liturgical Press, Collegeville, MN.
View in Google Scholar

Conzelmann, C. (1969), Der erste Brief an die Korinther, Evangelisch-Katholischer Kommentar Zum Neuen Testament 11, Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen.
View in Google Scholar

Corsani, B. (1993), “Profezia in Paolo. Valutazione, autocomprensione ed esercizio”, Ricerche Storico-Bibliche. 5: 67-83.
View in Google Scholar

Dupont, J., (1983), “Dimensions du problème des charismes dans 1 Co 12-14”, [in:] L. De Lorenzi, ed. Charisma und Agape (1 Ko 12-14), Benedictina 7, Abtei von St Paul vor den Mauern, Rome, 7-21.
View in Google Scholar

Engelbrecht, E. A. (1996), “‘To Speak in a Tongue’: The Old Testament and Early Rabbinic Background of a Pauline Expression”, Classical Journal. 22: 295-302.
View in Google Scholar

Fabbro, F. (1998), “Prospettive d’interpretazione della glossolalia paolina sotto il profilo della neurolinguistica”, Rivista Biblica. 46: 157-178.
View in Google Scholar

Fee, G. D. (1987), The First Epistle to the Corinthians, New International Commentary on the New Testament, Eerdmans, Grand Rapids, MI.
View in Google Scholar

Fitzmyer, J. A. (2008), First Corinthians. A New Translation with Introduction and Commentary, The Anchor Yale Bible 32, Doubleday, New Haven-London.
View in Google Scholar

Forbes, C. (1995), Prophecy and Inspired Speech in Early Christianity and its Hellenistic Environment, Wissenschaftliche Untersuchungen Zum Neuen Testament 2/75, Mohr, Tübingen.
View in Google Scholar

Frid, B. (1995), “Structure and Argumentation in 1 Cor 12”, Svensk Exegetisk Årsbok. 60: 95-113.
View in Google Scholar

Garland, D. E. (2003), 1 Corinthians, Baker Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament, Baker Book House, Grand Rapids, MI.
View in Google Scholar

Gillespie, T. W. (1995), The First Theologians. A Study in Early Christian Prophecy, Eerdmans, Grand Rapids, MI.
View in Google Scholar

Grudem, W. A. (1982), The Gift of Prophecy in 1 Corinthians, University Press of America, Lanham.
View in Google Scholar

Hahn, A. (1879), Sefer Okre harim = The rabbinical dialectics. A history of the dialecticians and dialectics of the Mishnah and Talmud, Bloch & Co., Cincinnati, OH.
View in Google Scholar

Horsley, R. A. (1998), 1 Corinthians, Abingdon New Testament Commentaries, Abingdon, Nashville, TN.
View in Google Scholar

Hovenden, G. (2002), Speaking in Tongues. The NT Evidence in Context, Journal of Pentecostal theology. Supplement series 22, Sheffield Academic Press, London.
View in Google Scholar

Kremer, J. (1997), Der Erste Brief an die Korinther, Regensburger Neues Testament, Pustet, Regensburg.
View in Google Scholar

Lindemann, A. (2000), Der Erste Korintherbrief, Handbuch zum Neuen Testament 9/1, Mohr, Tübingen.
View in Google Scholar

Martin, D. B. (1992), “Tongues of Angels and Other Status Indicators”, Journal of the American Academy of Religion. 59: 547-589, https://doi.org/10.1093/jaarel/LIX.3.547. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/jaarel/LIX.3.547
View in Google Scholar

Martucci, J. (1978), “Diakriseis pneumatōn”, Eglise et théologie. 9: 465-471.
View in Google Scholar

Merklein, H. (1992), Der erste Brief an die Korinther. Kapitel 1-4, Ökumenischer Taschenbuchkommentar zum Neuen Testament 7/1, Gütersloher, Gütersloh.
View in Google Scholar

Mills, W. E. (1997), “Early Ecstatic Utterances and Glossolalia”, Perspectives in Religious Studies. 24: 29-40.
View in Google Scholar

Nardoni, E. (1993), “The Concept of Charism in Paul”, Catholic Biblical Quarterly. 55: 68-80.
View in Google Scholar

Neudecker, R. (2009), “Rabbinic Literature and the Gospels: The Case of the Antithesis of Love for One’s Enemies”, in J.-N. Aletti, J., L. Ska, eds. Biblical Exegesis in Progress: Old and New Testament Essays, Analecta Biblica 176, Editrice Pontificio Istituto Biblico, Roma, 265-297.
View in Google Scholar

Neudecker, R. (2011), “Studi Rabbinici e Nuovo Testamento”, La Civiltà Cattolica. 162: 457-463.
View in Google Scholar

Penna, R. (1991), “Solo l’amore non avrà mai fine. Una lettura di 1 Cor 13 nella sua pluralità di senso”, in L’apostolo Paolo. Studi di esegesi e teologia, Parola di Dio. Seconda serie 12, San Paolo, Cinisello Balsamo, 223-239.
View in Google Scholar

Pesce, M. (1983), “L’apostolo di fronte alla crescita pneumatica di Corinto (1 Co 12-14)”, in L. De Lorenzi, ed. Charisma und Agape (1 Ko 12-14), Benedictina 7, Abtei von St Paul vor den Mauern, Rome, 51-90.
View in Google Scholar

Pontificia Commissione Biblica (1993), L’interpretazione della Bibbia nella Chiesa, Libreria Editrice Vaticana, Città del Vaticano.
View in Google Scholar

Ratzinger, J. (2001), Dio e il mondo. Essere cristiani nel nuovo millennio. In colloquio con Peter Seewald, San Paolo, Cinisello Balsamo.
View in Google Scholar

Schatzmann, S. (1987), A Pauline Theology of Charismata, Hendrickson, Peabody, MA.
View in Google Scholar

Schnabel, E. J. (2006), Der erste Brief des Paulus an die Korinther. Historisch-theologische auslegung, R. Brockhaus, Wuppertal, https:// doi.org/10.4314/ACTAT.V34I2.12.
View in Google Scholar

Schrage, W. (1991), Der erste Brief an die Korinther. 1. Teilband 1 Kor 1,1-6,11, Evangelisch-Katholischer Kommentar Zum Neuen Testament 7/1, Benziger, Zürich, https://doi.org/10.1163/25890468-03602019. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1163/25890468-03602019
View in Google Scholar

Scippa, V. (1982), La glossolalia nel Nuovo Testamento. Ricerca esegetica secondo il metodo storico-critico e analitico strutturale, Biblioteca Teologica Napoletana 11, D’Auria, Napoli.
View in Google Scholar

Senft, C. (1990), La première épitre de saint Paul aux Corinthiens, Commentaire du Nouveau Testament Deuxième Série 7, Labor et Fides, Genève.
View in Google Scholar

Sigountos, J. C. (1994), “The Genre of 1 Corinthians 13”, New Testament Studies. 40: 246-260, https://doi.org/10.1017/S0028688500020580. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0028688500020580
View in Google Scholar

Smit, J. F. M. (1991), “The Genre of 1 Corinthians 13 in the Light of Classical Rhetoric”, Novum Testamentum. 33: 193-216, https://doi.org/10.1163/156853691X00015. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1163/156853691X00015
View in Google Scholar

Smit, J. F. M. (1993), “Argument and Genre of 1 Corinthians 12-14”, in S. E. Porter, T. H. Olbricht, eds. Rhetoric and the New Testament. Essays from the 1992 Heidelberg Conference, Journal for the Study of the New Testament Supplement 90, Academic Press Bloomsbury Publishing, Sheffield, 211-230.
View in Google Scholar

Standaert, B. (1986), “La rhétorique ancienne dans Saint Paul”, in A. Vanhoye, ed. L’apôtre Paul: personnalité, style et conception du ministère, Bibliotheca Ephemeridum Theologicarum Lovaniensium 73, University Press Peeters Publishers, Leuven, 78-92.
View in Google Scholar

Thiselton, A. C. (1979), “The ‘Interpretation’ of Tongues. A New Suggestion in the Light of Greek Usage in Philo and Josephus”, Journal of Theological Studies. 30: 15-36, https://doi.org/10.1093/jts/XXX.1.15. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/jts/XXX.1.15
View in Google Scholar

Thiselton, A. C. (2000), The First Epistle to the Corinthians. A Commentary on the Greek Text, Eerdmans, Grand Rapids, MI.
View in Google Scholar

Turner, M. (1998), The Holy Spirit and Spiritual Gifts in the New Testament Church and Today, Hendrickson, Peabody, MA.
View in Google Scholar

Vanhoye, A. (2008), I Carismi nel Nuovo Testamento. 2ª edizione riveduta e ampliata, Dispense Pontificio Istituto Biblico, Roma.
View in Google Scholar

Vos, J. S. (1993), “Das Rätsel von 1 Kor 12: 1-3”, Novum Testamentum. 35: 251-269. Pontifical Urbaniana University, https://doi.org/10.1163/156853693X00167. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1163/156853693X00167
View in Google Scholar

Downloads

Published

2021-09-21

How to Cite

Basta, P. (2021). “Faith so as to Remove Mountains”: What Faith and What Mountains in 1 Cor 13:2?. Między Oryginałem a Przekładem, 27(3(53), 11–30. https://doi.org/10.12797/MOaP.27.2021.53.01